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The Art of reasoning

Author: Kelley, David Publisher: Norton 1998.Edition: 3rd ed.Language: EnglishDescription: 582 p. : Graphs/Ill. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0393972135Type of document: Book Bibliography/Index:
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print BC199 .K45 1998
(Browse shelf)
001274967
Available 001274967
Total holds: 0

Digitized

The Art of Reasoning Contents Preface xiii Chapter 1 Introduction 1 Thinking Skills Objectivity 5 2 PART ONE CONCEPTS AND PROPOSITIONS Chapter 2 Classification 11 Concepts and Referents Rules of Classification 12 17 Levels of Organization Summary Exercises 27 28 23 Chapter 3 Definitions 33 The Functions of a Definition Rules for Definitions 36 Constructing Definitions 45 Summary Exercises 53 53 34 Chapter 4 Propositions 59 Propositions and Sentences Propositions and Word Meaning Propositions and Grammar Summary 78 Exercises 79 60 61 67 PART TWO ARGUMENTS Chapter 5 Basic Argument Analysis 87 Elements of Reasoning Diagramming Arguments Logical Strength 105 Implicit Premises 110 Summary 116 Exercises 116 88 93 Chapter 6 Fallacies 125 Subjectivist Fallacies 126 Fallacies Involving Credibility Fallacies of Context 141 Fallacies of Logical Structure 134 147 Summary Exercises 155 157 Chapter 7 Advanced Argument Analysis 167 Distilling an Argument Diagramming Debates Summary 183 Exercises 186 167 174 PART THREE CLASSICAL DEDUCTIVE LOGIC Chapter 8 Categorical Propositions 195 Standard Form 196 The Square of Opposition 202 Existential Import 207 Distribution 210 Immediate Inference 213 Venn Diagrams 221 Summary 226 Exercises 227 Chapter 9 Categorical Syllogisms 233 The Structure of a Syllogism Validity 238 Enthymemes 241 Rules of Validity 243 Venn Diagrams 252 The Cancellation Method Summary 271 Exercises 272 233 260 Chapter 10 Disjunctive and Hypothetical Syllogisms 281 Disjunctive Syllogisms Hypothetical Propositions 282 286 Hypothetical Syllogisms Summary 295 Exercises 295 290 Chapter 11 Syllogisms in Ordinary Reasoning 301 Distilling Deductive Arguments Extended Arguments 309 Summary 323 Exercises 323 302 PART FOUR MODERN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC Chapter 12 Propositional Logic--Symbolic Notation 333 Connectives 334 Statement Forms 346 Computing Truth Values Summary 355 Exercises 355 352 Chapter 13 Propositional Logic--Arguments 361 Truth Table Test of Validity 362 Truth Table Test--Short Form 366 Proof 370 Equivalence 380 Conditional Proof and Reductio ad Absurdum Summary 395 Exercises 396 388 Chapter 14 Predicate Logic 405 Quantifiers 406 General Statements 408 Relations and Multiple Quantification Proof Summary Exercises 425 442 442 415 PART FIVE INDUCTIVE LOGIC Chapter 15 Inductive Generalizations 453 Generalizing 454 Causality 461 Agreement and Difference 464 Concomitant Variations and Residues Summary 478 Exercises 478 472 Chapter 16 Argument by Analogy 487 Analogy and Similarity Analysis and Evaluation Summary 499 Exercises 499 488 491 Chapter 17 Statistical Reasoning 505 Logic and Statistics 506 Using Statistics in Argument Statistical Generalization Statistical Evidence of Causality Summary 537 Exercises 538 509 519 525 Chapter 18 Explanation 547 Explanation and Argument Adequacy 554 548 The Truth of Hypotheses Summary Exercises 573 574 562 Answers to Practice Quizzes Al Glossary A69 Index A77

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