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OECD science, technology and industry scoreboard: innovation and performance in the global economy

Corporate author: OECD Publisher: OECD, 2007.Language: EnglishDescription: 228 p. : Graphs ; 27 cm.ISBN: 9789264037885Type of document: Book Online Access: Click here Note: See the OECDiLibrary for the most recent ed.Bibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references
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Print REF590.1 .O43 2007
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See the OECDiLibrary for the most recent ed.

Includes bibliographical references

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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2007 Innovation and Performance in the Global Economy Table of Contents Executive Summary...................................................................................................... 9 Highlights....................................................................................................................... 11 A. RandD and investment in knowledge .......................................................................... 21 A.1. A.2. A.3. A.4. A.5. A.6. Investment in knowledge.................................................................................. Trends in domestic RandD expenditure................................................................ RandD financing and performance....................................................................... RandD in non-OECD economies .......................................................................... Business RandD.................................................................................................. Business RandD by size classes of firms ............................................................. 22 24 26 28 30 32 A.7. Business RandD by industry ............................................................................... 34 A.8. Health-related RandD.......................................................................................... 36 A.9. Venture capital................................................................................................. 38 B. Human resources in SandT.......................................................................................... 41 B.1. New university graduates................................................................................. 42 B.2. Foreign and international doctoral students..................................................... 44 B.3. SandE doctorates awarded and postdoctorate appointments to foreign citizens in the United States ............................................................................ 46 B.4. Employment of tertiary-level graduates ............................................................ 48 B.5. Human resources in science and technology..................................................... 50 B.6. International mobility of the highly skilled........................................................ 52 B.7. RandD personnel................................................................................................. 54 B.8. Researchers..................................................................................................... 56 B.9. Foreign scholars in the United States................................................................. 58 B.10. Human resources in SandT in non-OECD economies ......................................... 60 B.11. Employment of HRST by industry.................................................................... 62 B.12. Earnings by educational level ......................................................................... 64 C. Innovation policy ...................................................................................................... 67 C.1. C.2. C.3. C.4. Public-private cross-funding of RandD................................................................. Government RandD budgets ............................................................................... Tax treatment of RandD....................................................................................... Patenting by universities and government......................................................... 68 70 72 74 C.S. Collaboration with public research organisations by innovating firms .............. 76 C.6. Science linkages in technology.......................................................................... 78 C.7. Entrepreneurship............................................................................................. 80 D. Innovation performance.......................................................................................... 83 D.1. Triadic patent families ................................................................................... 84 D.2. D.3. D.4. D.5. D.6. Patent intensity ............................................................................................. Regional patenting.......................................................................................... Patenting by industry ..................................................................................... Scientific articles ........................................................................................... Innovation within companies.......................................................................... 86 88 90 92 94 D.7. Innovation and economic performance............................................................ 96 D.B. Non-technological innovation.......................................................................... 98 E. ICT ......................................................................................................................... 101 E.1. Investment in ICT equipment and software...................................................... 102 E.2. Telecommunications networks........................................................................ 104 E.3. Internet subscribers and hosts ....................................................................... 106 E.4. Broadband and security ................................................................................. 108 E.S. ICT access by households............................................................................... 110 E.6. Internet use by individuals.............................................................................. 112 E.7. Internet access and use by businesses............................................................ 116 E.B. Internet access and use in non-OECD economies ........................................... 120 E.9. Volume of electronic commerce......................................................................... 122 E.10. Internet commerce activity ............................................................................ 124 E.11. Telecommunications pricing........................................................................... 126 E.12. Occupations and skills in the information economy........................................ E.13a.Intemational trade in ICT goods..................................................................... E.13b.International trade in ICT goods in non-OECD economies.............................. E.14. RandD in selected ICT industries ...................................................................... 128 130 132 134 E.15. ICT-related patents ........................................................................................ 136 F. Particular technologies............................................................................................ 139 F.1. Biotechnology firms......................................................................................... 140 F.2. Biotechnology RandD ........................................................................................ 142 F.3. Public-sector biotechnology RandD .................................................................... 144 F.4. Biotechnology applications ............................................................................. 146 F.S. Bioscience....................................................................................................... 148 F.6. Biotechnology patents..................................................................................... 150 F.7. Nanoscience.................................................................................................... 152 F.B. Nanotechnology patents.................................................................................. 154 F.9. Environmental science...................................................................................... 156 F.10. Patents in environment-related technologies................................................... 158 G. Internationalisation of SandT .................................................................................... 161 G.1. Foreign ownership of domestic inventions....................................................... 162 G.2. Domestic ownership of inventions made abroad.............................................. 164 G.3. International co-operation in research ............................................................ 166 G.4. Sources of RandD funding from abroad.............................................................. 168 G.S. International collaboration in science ............................................................. 170 G.6. Internationalisation of RandD............................................................................ 172 G.7. Foreign collaboration on innovation................................................................ 174 H. Global economic flows .......................................................................................... 177 H.1. H.2. H.3. H.4. H.5. H.6. H.7. H.8. Trends in international trade and investment flows....................................... International trade ....................................................................................... Intra-firm trade ............................................................................................ Foreign direct investment flows .................................................................... 178 180 182 184 Activity of affiliates under foreign control in manufacturing........................... 186 Activity of affiliates under foreign control in services...................................... 188 Trends in employment in foreign affiliates..................................................... 190 Share of turnover under foreign control in selected manufacturing and services sectors...................................................................................... 192 H.9. Import content of exports.............................................................................. 194 H.10. Offshoring of intermediates......................................................................... 196 H.11. Technology balance of payments................................................................. 198 I. Productivity and trade ............................................................................................ 201 I.1. Income and productivity levels...................................................................... 202 1.2. Labour productivity growth.......................................................................... 204 1.3. Growth accounts for OECD countries........................................................... 206 1.4. Labour productivity growth in the business sector ....................................... 208 1.5. Technology- and knowledge-intensive industries .......................................... 210 1.6. International trade by technology intensity .................................................. 212 1.7. Exports from high- and medium-high-technology industries ........................ 214 1.8. Contributions to the manufacturing trade balance ....................................... 216 Annex 1. Classification of manufacturing industries based on technology..................... 217 Annex 2. Main OECD databases used ......................................................................... 221 Annex 3. Biotechnology statistics: methodology............................................................ 225

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