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Critical thinking skills: developing effective analysis and argument

Author: Cottrell, Stella Series: Study skills Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.Language: EnglishDescription: 250 p. : Ill. ; 25 cm.ISBN: 9781403996855Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print LB2395 .C6 2005
(Browse shelf)
001197494
Available 001197494
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references

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Critical Thinking Skills Developing Effective Analysis and Argument Contents Introduction Glossary Ackkowledgements viii xii xiv 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 13 14 16 Activity: Capturing the author's position Argument: Persuasion through reasons Identifying the argument Activity: Identifying simple arguments Activity: Reasons and conclusions Hunting out the conclusion Summary of features Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 3 39 40 41 44 45 46 47 48 48 49 1 What is critical thinking? Introduction What is critical thinking? Reasoning Why develop critical thinking skills? Underlying skills and attitudes Self-awareness for accurate judgement Personal strategies for critical thinking Critical thinking in academic contexts Barriers to critical thinking Critical thinking: knowledge, skills and attitudes Priorities: developing critical thinking abilities Summary 4 Is it an argument? Argument and non-argument Introduction Argument and disagreement Activity: Argument and disagreement Non-arguments: Description Non-arguments: Explanations and summaries Activity: What type of message? Distinguishing argument from other material Activity: Selecting out the argument Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 4 51 51 52 53 54 55 56 58 59 61 61 62 2 How well do you think? Develop your thinking skills Introduction Assess your thinking skills Scoring Sheet Focusing attention Focusing attention: Identifying difference Focusing attention: Recognising sequence Categorising Activity: Categorising text Close reading Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 2 17 17 18 22 23 24 25 27 28 29 31 32 5 How well do they say it? Clarity, consistency and structure Introduction How clear is the author's position? Internai consistency Activity: Internai consistency Logical consistency Activity: Logical consistency Independent reasons and joint reasons Activity: Independent and joint reasons Intermediate conclusions Intermediate conclusions used as reasons 63 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 3 What's their point? Identifying arguments Introduction The author's position 37 37 38 Activity: Intermediate conclusions Summative and logical conclusions Activity: Summative and logical conclusions Logical order Activity: Logical order Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 5 73 74 75 76 77 78 78 79 Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 7 121 121 122 8 Where's the proof? Finding and evaluating sources of evidence Introduction Primary and secondary source materials Searching for evidence Literature searches Reputable sources Authenticity and validity Currency and reliability Selecting the best evidence Relevant and irrelevant evidence Activity: Relevant and irrelevant evidence Representative samples Activity: Representative samples Certainty and probability Sample sizes and statistical significance Over-generalisation Controlling for variables Facts and opinions Eye-witness testimony Triangulation Evaluating a body of evidence Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 8 125 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 145 146 6 Reading between the Unes: Recognising underlying assumptions and implicit arguments Introduction Assumptions Activity: Identify the underlying assumptions Identifying hidden assumptions Implicit assumptions used as reasons Activity: Implicit assumptions used as reasons False premises Activity: Falsepremises Implicit arguments Activity: Implicit arguments Denoted and connoted meanings Activities: Associations and stereotypes Activity: Denoted and connoted meanings Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 6 85 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 97 98 99 99 100 7 Does it add up? Identifying flaws in the argument Introduction Assuming a causal link Correlations and false correlations Activity: Identify the nature of the link Not meeting the necessary conditions Not meeting sufficient conditions Activity: Necessary and sufficient conditions False analogies Activity: False analogies Deflection, complicity and exclusion Other types of flawed argument Unwarranted leaps and 'castle of cards' Emotive language; Attacking the person More flaws Misrepresentation and trivialisation Tautology; Two wrongs don't make a right 9 Critical reading and note-making: Critical selection, interpretation and noting of source material 147 Introduction Preparing for critical reading Identifying the theoretical perspective The relation of theory to argument Categorising and selecting Accurate interpretation when reading Making notes to support critical reading Reading and noting for a purpose Concise critical notes: Analysing argument Concise critical notes: Books Concise critical notes: Articles and papers Critical selection when note-making Activity: Critical selection Commentary on critical selection Note your source of information Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 9 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 161 162 164 164 165 105 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 10 Critical, analytical writing: Critical thinking when writing Introduction Characteristics of critical, analytical writing Setting the scene for the reader Activity: Setting the scene for the reader Writing up the literature search Words used to introduce the line of reasoning Words used to reinforce the line of reasoning (2) Signposting alternative points of view Words used to signpost conclusions Words and phrases used to structure the line of reasoning Drawing tentative conclusions Activity: Writing conclusions Summary Information about the sources Answers to activities in Chapter 10 Evaluating your writing for critical 167 167 168 170 171 172 173 174 175 177 178 179 180 181 181 182 thinking Summary 196 198 Texts for activities in Chapters 8, 9 and 11 Practice activities on longer texts Practice 1: Features of an argument Answers to Practice 1: Features of an argument 199 207 208 212 Practice 2: Finding flaws in the argument Answers to Practice 2: Finding flaws in the argument 215 219 223 229 Practice 3: Features of an argument argument Answers to Practice 3: Features of an 11 Where's the analysis? Evaluating critical writing Introduction Checklist for Essay 1 Evaluate Essay 1 Evaluation of Essay 1 Commentary for Essay 1 Checklist for evaluating Essay 2 Evaluate Essay 2 Evaluation of Essay 2 Commentary on Essay 2 Practice 4: Finding flaws in the 183 183 184 185 187 188 190 191 192 194 argument Answers to Practice 4: Finding flaws in the argument 234 239 Appendix: Selected search engines and databases for on-line literature searches Bibliography Index 245 246 248

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