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The Economics of organizational design: theoretical insights and empirical evidence

Author: Colombo, Massimo G. ; Delmastro, MarcoPublisher: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.Language: EnglishDescription: 272 p. : Graphs ; 23 cm.ISBN: 9781403987419Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes index
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Book Europe Campus
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Print HD6950.5 .C65 2008
(Browse shelf)
001252590
Available 001252590
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Includes index

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The Economics of Organizational Design Theoretical Insights and Empirical Evidence Contents List of Figures and Boxes List of Tables List of Abbreviations Acknowledgments Preface Introduction: A New View of Organizational Design 1.1 Preliminary issues in the study of the organization 1.1.1 The concept of organization L1.2 Unit of analysis 1.2 An overview of a new approach to the study of organization 1.2.1 The roots of the new approach 1.2.1.1 Organization science 1.2.1.2 Business history 1.2.1.3 Management studies 1.2.1.4 Economic theory 1.2.2 A new approach to the study of organizational design 1.3 The substance of the economics of organizational design 1.3.1 Transaction cost economics 1.3.2 The information processing stream 1.3.3 The decentralization of incentive stream 1.3.4 On the dynamics of organizational design 1 A New Quantitative Empirical Methodology for the Analysis of Organizational Design and Dynamics 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Measures of organizational design 1.2.1 Sructural organizational variables: configuration and centralization xii xiii xvi xviii xx 1 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 10 11 11 13 14 15 17 20 23 23 25 25 1.2.1.1 Configuration: measures of corporate hierarchy 1.2.1.2 Centralization: measures of the allocation of decision authority 1.2.2 Organizational practices 1.3 International evidence on organizational design and its dynamics 1.3.1 Evidence on structural organizational variables 1.3.1.1 A brief survey of the empirical literature 1.3.2 Evidence on structural organizational variables based on the new empirical methodology 1.3.2.1 Evidence on organizational depth and shape 1.3.2.2 Evidence on the allocation of authority 1.3.2.3 A synthesis 1.3.3 Evidence on the use of organizational practices 1.4 Concluding remarks 2 The Determinants of the Allocation of Decision Authority 2.1. Introduction 2.2 A conceptual framework of the determinants of the allocation of decision authority 2.2.1 The benefits and costs of delegation of decision authority 2.2.1.1 The benefits of delegation 2.2.1.2 The costs of delegation 2.2.2 The determinants of the delegation of decision authority 2.3 Empirical evidence on the determinants of the allocation of decision authority 2.3.1 The work of the Aston group 2.3.2 More on the role of size and technology 2.3.3 Country-specific effects 2.3.4 New directions in the empirical literature on the determinants of decentralization 2.3.5 A synthesis 2.4 Evidence on the determinants of the allocation of decision authority based on the new empirical methodology 26 27 31 32 32 32 36 37 42 49 50 55 57 57 58 58 58 60 61 67 67 69 72 75 78 82 2.4.1 The data 2.4.2 The econometric model 2.4.2.1 Specification of the econometric model 2.4.2.2 Explanatory variables 2.4.3 Econometric results 2.4.4 A synthesis 2.5 Concluding remarks Appendix 2.A.1 Definition and expected effects of the explanatory variables, and results of the econometric estimates 3 The Determinants of the Corporate Hierarchy 3.1 Introduction 3.2 A conceptual framework of the determinants of organizational depth 3.3 Empirical evidence on the determinants of organizational depth 3.3.1 Size 3.3.2 'Technological variables 3.3.3 Other firm-specific and industry-specific effects 3.4 Evidence on the determinants of organizational depth based on the new empirical methodology 3.4.1 Specification of the econometric model 3.4.2 Explanatory variables 3.4.3 Econometric results 3.4.4 A synthesis 3.5 Concluding remarks Appendix 3.A.1 Definition and expected effects of the explanatory variables, and results of the econometric estimates 4 Evidence on the Determinants of Organizational Dynamics 4.1 Introduction 4.2 A conceptual framework of the determinants of organizational dynamics 4.2.1 A general framework of organizational dynamics 82 84 84 85 88 93 95 99 99 108 108 110 114 115 116 118 119 119 120 122 125 127 130 130 135 135 136 136 4.2.1.1 Factors affecting the additional operating revenues from organizational innovations 137 4.2.1.2 The adjustment costs associated with organizational innovations 138 4.2.2 Testable predictions on the determinants of changes in the organizational depth 139 4.3 Empirical evidence on the determinants of the adoption of organizational practices 143 4.3.1 Work in the steel industry 143 4.3.2 Work related to other industries 147 4.3.2.1 Automobile assembly industry 147 4.3.2.2 Apparel industry 148 4.3.3 Cross-industry evidence 149 4.4 Empirical evidence on the determinants of changes in structural organizational variables 155 4.4.1 Empirical evidence on the determinants of the adoption of organizational forms 155 4.4.2 Empirical evidence on the determinants of the "flattening" of the corporate hierarchy 155 4.4.3 Evidence on the determinants of organizational dynamics based on the new empirical methodology 162 4.4.3.1 Specification of the econometric models 162 4.4.3.2 Explanatory variables 165 4.4.3.3 Econometric results 167 4.4.3.4 A synthesis 173 4.5 Concluding remarks 176 Appendix 181 4.A.1 Methodological issues 181 4.A.2 Definition and expected effects of the explanatory variables, and results of the econometric estimates 182 5 The Effects of Organizational Design on Firm Performance 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Methodological issues 5.2.1 Measurement of performance 5.2.2 Unit of analysis 5.2.3 Characteristics of data sets 192 192 193 193 194 194 5.2.4 Econometric methodology 5.3 Effects of organizational design on productivity 5.3.1 Single-industry studies 5.3.1.1 Steel industry 5.3.1.2 Automobile assembly industry 5.3.1.3 Machining 5.3.1.4 Telecommunication services 5.3.1.5 Business services 5.3.2 Cross-industry evidence 5.3.2.1 Cross-section estimates 5.3.2.2 Panel data estimates 5.4 Effects of organizational design on firm profitability 5.4.1 Previous empirical evidence 5.4.2 Evidence based on the new empirical methodology 5.5 More on the complementarity between technological and organizational innovations 5.6 Concluding remarks Conclusions Appendix: Data Set and Empirical Methodology Notes References Index 195 197 197 197 200 200 201 202 203 203 206 210 210 211 214 216 223 229 235 248 263

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