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Media revenue management with audience uncertainty: balancing upfront and spot market sales (RV of 2008/49/DS)

Author: Araman, Victor ; Popescu, IoanaINSEAD Area: Decision Sciences Series: Working Paper ; 2009/14/DS Publisher: Fontainebleau : INSEAD, 2009.Language: EnglishDescription: 42 p.Type of document: INSEAD Working Paper Online Access: Click here Abstract: An important challenge faced by media broadcasting companies is how to allocate limited advertising space between upfront (forward) contracts and the spot market (referred to in advertising as the scatter market), in order to maximize profits and meet contractual commitments. We develop stylized optimization models of airtime capacity planning and allocation across multiple clients under audience uncertainty. In a short term profit maximizing setting,our results provide insight for capacity planning decisions upfront and during the broadcasting season. Our results suggest that broadcasting companies should prioritize upfront clients according to marginal revenue per audience unit, also known as CPM (cost per thousand viewers). We find that accepted upfront market contracts can be aggregated across clients, and served in proportion to the audience demanded. Closed form solutions are obtained in a static setting. These results remain valid in a dynamic setting, when considering the opportunity to increase allocation by airing make-goods during the broadcasting season. Our structural results characterize the impact of contracting parameters, time and audience uncertainty on profits and capacity decisions. The results hold under general audience and spot market profit models. Overall, we find that ignoring audience uncertainty can have significant cost for media capacity planning and allocation. Previous title: Media revenue management with audience uncertainty (RV of 2007/73/DS) - Araman, Victor;Popescu, Ioana - 2008 - INSEAD Working Paper
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An important challenge faced by media broadcasting companies is how to allocate limited advertising space between upfront (forward) contracts and the spot market (referred to in advertising as the scatter market), in order to maximize profits and meet contractual commitments. We develop stylized optimization models of airtime capacity planning and allocation across multiple clients under audience uncertainty. In a short term profit maximizing setting,our results provide insight for capacity planning decisions upfront and during the broadcasting season. Our results suggest that broadcasting companies should prioritize upfront clients according to marginal revenue per audience unit, also known as CPM (cost per thousand viewers). We find that accepted upfront market contracts can be aggregated across clients, and served in proportion to the audience demanded. Closed form solutions are obtained in a static setting. These results remain valid in a dynamic setting, when considering the opportunity to increase allocation by airing make-goods during the broadcasting season. Our structural results characterize the impact of contracting parameters, time and audience uncertainty on profits and capacity decisions. The results hold under general audience and spot market profit models. Overall, we find that ignoring audience uncertainty can have significant cost for media capacity planning and allocation.

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