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Philosophy of Natural Science

Series: Foundations of Philosophy Series Publisher: Prentice Hall, 1966.Language: EnglishDescription: 116 p. ; 23 cm.ISBN: 9780136638230Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Asia Campus
Textbook Collection (PhD)
Print Q175 .H46 1966
(Browse shelf)
900193610
Available 900193610
Book Asia Campus
Textbook Collection (PhD)
Print Q175 .H46 1966
(Browse shelf)
900193627
Consultation only 900193627
Total holds: 0

Includes index

Digitized

Philosophy of Natural Science Contents 1 Scope and Aim of This Book, 1 2 Scientific Inquiry: Invention and Test, 3 A case history as an example, 3. Basic steps in testing a hypothesis, 6. The role of induction in scientific inquiry, 10. 3 The Test of a Hypothesis: its Logic and Its Force, 19 Experimental vs. nonexperimental tests, 19. The role of auxiliary hypotheses, 22. Crucial tests, 25. Ad hoc hypotheses, 28. Testability-in-principle and empirical import, 30. 4 Criteria of Confirmation and Acceptability, 33 Quantity,. variety, and precision of supportingevidence, 33. Confirmation by " new" test implications, 37. Theoretical support, 38. Simplicity, 40. The probability of hypotheses, 45. 5 Laws and Their Two basic requirements for scientific explanations, 47. DeductiveRole In nomological explanation, 49. Universal laws and accidental generalizaScientific Explanation, 47 6 Lions, 54. Probabilistic explanation: fundamentals, 58. Statistical probabilities and probabilistic laws, 59. The inductive character of probabilistic explanation, 67. Theories and Theoretical Explanation, 70 General 7 Concept Formation, 85 characteristics of theories, 70. Internal principles and bridge principles, 72. Theoretical understanding, 75. The status of theoretical entities, 77. Explanation and reduction to the familiar", 83. 8 Theoretical Reduction, 101 Definition, 85.Operational definitions, 88. Empirical and systematic import of scientific concepts, 91. On "operationally meaningless" questions, 97. e character of interpretative sentences, 98. For Further Reading 111 Index, 113 The mechanism-vitalism issue, 101. Reduction of terms, 102. Reduction of laws, 104. Mechanism restated, 105. Reduction of psychology; behaviorism, 106.

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