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Introduction to environmental engineering and science

Author: Masters, Gilbert M. Publisher: Prentice Hall, 1998.Edition: 2nd ed.Language: EnglishDescription: 651 p. : Graphs/Ill. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0131553844Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print GE180 .M378 1998
(Browse shelf)
001246193
Available 001246193
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references and index

Digitized

Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science Contents PREFACE CHAPTER 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 XI 1 1 2 5 15 34 MASS AND ENERGY TRANSFER Introduction Units of Measurement Materials Balance Energy Fundamentals Problems CHAPTER 2 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Introduction Stoichiometry Enthalpy in Chemical Systems Chemical Equilibria Organic Chemistry Nuclear Chemistry Problems References 39 39 39 45 49 60 67 73 76 CHAPTER 3 MATHEMATICS FOR GROWTH 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Introduction Exponential Growth Resource Consumption Population Growth Human Population Growth Problems References 77 77 78 85 92 97 111 115 CHAPTER 4 RISK ASSESSMENT 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Introduction Perspectives on Risks Perception of Risk Risk Assessment 117 117 118 121 122 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Hazard Identification Dose-Response Assessment Human Exposure Assessment Risk Characterization Comparative Risk Analysis Problems References 124 136 147 152 153 157 161 CHAPTER 5 WATER POLLUTION 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 Introduction Water Resources Water Pollutants Status of Surface Water Quality Biochemical Oxygen Demand The Effect of Oxygen-Demanding Wastes on Rivers Water Quality in Lakes and Reservoirs Groundwater Aquifers Hydraulic Gradient Darcy's Law Contaminant Transport Cone of Depression Capture-Zone Curves Control of Groundwater Plumes Contaminants in Groundwater Conventional Pump-and-Treat Systems Additional Remediation Technologies Problems References 163 163 164 171 184 186 198 207 220 221 223 226 230 233 238 244 245 249 250 254 264 CHAPTER 6 WATER QUALITY CONTROL 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Introduction Municipal Water and Wastewater Systems The Safe Drinking Water Act Water Treatment Systems Wastewater Treatment Hazardous Wastes Hazardous Materials Legislation 267 267 268 269 274 287 297 299 6.8 6.9 Hazardous Waste Treatment Technologies Land Disposal Problems References 308 320 324 325 CHAPTER 7AIR POLLUTION 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.10 7.11 7.12 Introduction Overview of Emissions The Clean Air Act The Pollutant Standards Index Criteria Pollutants Toxic Air Pollutants Air Pollution in the World's Megacities Motor Vehicle Emissions Stationary Sources Air Pollution and Meteorology The Point-Source Gaussian Plume Model Indoor Air Quality Problems References 327 327 328 331 337 339 361 361 363 380 392 406 428 443 450 CHAPTER 8 GLOBAL ATMOSPHERIC CHANGE 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 Introduction The Atmosphere of Earth Global Temperature The Greenhouse Effect Global Energy Balance Radiative Forcing of Climate Change Radiative Forcings Since Preindustrial Times Radiative Forcings Saturation Effects Global Warming Potential The Carbon Cycle Carbon Emissions from Fossil Fuels IPCC Emission Scenarios Regional Impacts of Temperature Change The Oceans and Climate Change Changes in Stratospheric Ozone Problems References 453 453 454 456 466 470 472 476 492 498 503 507 517 522 524 528 544 551 CHAPTER 9 SOLID WASTE MANGEMENT AND RESOURCE RECOVERY 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 Introduction Background Life-Cycle Assessment Source Reduction Collection and Transfer Operations Recycling Composting Discarded Materials Waste-to-Energy Combustion Landfills Problems References 555 555 556 561 567 576 586 607 611 611 623 632 636 APPENDIX USEFUL CONVERSION FACTORS INDEX 639 643

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