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World information society report: beyond WSIS

Corporate author:International Telecommunication Union ; UNCTADPublisher: International Telecommunication Union, 2007. ; UNCTAD, 2007.Language: EnglishDescription: 207 p. : Graphs ; 30 cm.ISBN: 9261121519Type of document: BookNote: Electronic version available at http://www.itu.int/wisr Next title: Measuring the information society
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Archives
Print REF300 .I6 I88 2007
(Browse shelf)
001238090
Available 001238090
Book Middle East Campus
Main Collection
Print HC2000 .I6 I88 2007
(Browse shelf)
500004843
Available 500004843
Total holds: 0

Electronic version available at http://www.itu.int/wisr

World Information Society Report 2007 Beyond WSIS Contents CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................................................... 12 1.1 The WSIS Commitment....................................................................................................................................... 13 1.2 Measuring the Information Society................................................................................................................13 1.3 Towards a single composite index of ICT development............................................................................... 14 1.3.1 WSIS-endorsed composite indices................................................................................................................. 14 1.3.2 Other composite indices................................................................................................................................. 17 1.4 Conclusions: Structure of the report............................................................................................................... 17 CHAPTER TWO: BRIDGING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE................................................................................................................. 20 2.1 Measuring the divide: Quantity or quality'...................................................................................................... 21 2.1.1 Penetration rates by development status.................................................................................................. 21 2.1.2 Penetration rates by income.......................................................................................................................23 2.1.3 Measures of inequality....................................................................................................................................25 2.2 Connectivity......................................................................................................................................................... 25 2.3 Affordability..............................................................................................................................................................30 2.4 Sector Reform...................................................................................................................................................... 30 2.5 Conclusions.........................................................................................................................................................32 CHAPTER THREE: THE DIGITAL OPPORTUNITY INDEX (DOI).................................................................. 34 3.1 Using the Digital Opportunity Index (DOI)......................................................................................................35 3.2 Structure of the DOI........................................................................................................................................... 35 3.3 Digital Opportunity around the world................................................................................................................................... 40 3.3.1 Economies with High DOI scores (0.49+) - Surge in High-Speed Access.................................................... 40 3.3.2 Economies with Medium DOI scores (0.30-0.49) - Rounded growth............................................................42 3.3.3 Economies with Low DOI scores (0.30 and less) - Mainly mobile................................................................43 3.4 Growth in Digital Opportunity over time............................................................................................................ 46 3.5 Key Trends in the Information Society............................................................................................................. 48 3.5.1 Cutting the cord.............................................................................................................................................. 48 3.5.2 Getting connected to the Internet............................................................................................................. 49 3.5.3 The death of dial-up?...................................................................................................................................51 3.5.4 Growth in 3G mobile........................................................................................................................................52 3.6 Conclusions.........................................................................................................................................................53 CHAPTER FOUR: ICT GROWTH STRATEGIES........................................................................................................................... 56 4.1 Introduction: Strategies that work.................................................................................................................. 57 4.2 What role for government?................................................................................................................................ 58 4.2.1 Republic of Korea: The government's role in broadband deployment...........................................................58 4.2.2 4.3.1 Estonia: Leaping Tiger..................................................................................................................................... 59 Vietnam: Sector reform by a different model.................................................................................................61 4.3 Market liberalization and competition............................................................................................................... 60 4.4 Privatization of incumbent operators................................................................................................................62 4.5 Reform of the regulatory environment............................................................................................................. 64 4.5.1 Nigeria: Unified licenses for the future.......................................................................................................... 66 4.5.2 Guatemala: Spectrum innovator..................................................................................................................69 4.6 Infrastructure development............................................................................................................................ 70 4.6.1 Tunisia of Tomorrow........................................................................................................................................70 4.6.2 Netherlands: Broadband heaven................................................................................................................ 71 4.6.3 Pakistan: Mobile-driven growth.......................................................................................................................72 4.7 Attracting investment........................................................................................................................................73 4.7.1 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)....................................................................................................................74 4.7.2 4.8.1 Tax incentives................................................................................................................................................. 76 Singapore: Innovation, Integration and Internationalization.....................................................................77 4.8 Innovation-driven and human capacity-building strategies..........................................................................77 4.9 Conclusions.........................................................................................................................................................78 CHAPTER FIVE: CHALLENGES TO BUILDING A SAFE AND SECURE INFORMATION SOCIETY........................................ 82 5.1 Introduction: Building Confidence and Security in the Use of ICTs............................................................... 83 5.2 The Changing cyber-threat environment.......................................................................................................... 84 5.2.1 From nuisances to real threats.................................................................................................................... 84 5.2.2 Spam and how the threat from spam is changing in nature....................................................................... 84 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4 5.3.5 5.4.1 5.5.1 5.5.2 Constantly evolving cyber-threats.................................................................................................................... 87 Identity theft and the Internet................................................................................................................... 91 Taking action against spam and related threats......................................................................................... 91 Moving Forward on a possible roadmap for cybersecurity.............................................................................. 93 Roles of the different stakeholders in cybersecurity........................................................................................ 94 Information-sharing - a common need........................................................................................................ 95 Cybersecurity and developing economies and countries in transition............................................................. 95 Action Line C5 Facilitation and Partnerships for Global Cybersecurity........................................................... 96 Is the Information Society really at risk?.......................................................................................................... 97 How can we build a safe and secure Information Society?.......................................................................... 98 5.3 Towards an International Roadmap for Cybersecurity.................................................................................... 91 5.4 WSIS Action Line C5: Building confidence and security in the use of ICTs...................................................96 5.5 Conclusion ­ Towards a Safer Information Society......................................................................................... 97 CHAPTER SIX: IMPLEMENTING WSIS OUTCOMES.................................................................................................................. 102 6.1 Halfway towards the WSIS goals................................................................................................................... 103 6.1.1 6.1.2 6.1.3 6.2.1 6.2.2 6.3.1 6.3.2 6.3.3 6.3.4 6.4.1 6.4.2 6.4.3 6.4.4 A comprehensive implementation plan.......................................................................................................... 103 WSIS stocktaking............................................................................................................................................. 103 Multi-stakeholder implementation..................................................................................................................105 Accessibility................................................................................................................................................................ 105 Affordability................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Fixed lines.......................................................................................................................................................... 110 Mobile communications..................................................................................................................................... 110 Broadband....................................................................................................................................................... 110 Wireless communications............................................................................................................................... 111 Education.......................................................................................................................................................... 112 Telemedicine.................................................................................................................................................... 114 Building technical capabilities for economic development............................................................................ 116 Youth......................................................................................................................................................................116 6.2 Digital Opportunity...............................................................................................................................................105 6.3 Infrastructure................................................................................................................................................... 109 6.4 Utilization............................................................................................................................................................ 112 6.5 Conclusions....................................................................................................................................................... 117 CHAPTER SEVEN:THE ICT OPPORTUNITY INDEX (ICT-01)*.................................................................................................... 118 7.1 Background of the ICT Opportunity Index.........................................................................................................119 7.2 ICT Opportunity Index........................................................................................................................................ 120 7.2.1 Conceptual framework of the ICT Opportunity Index................................................................................... 120 7.2.2 7.2.3 7.2.4 7.2.5 7.3.1 7.3.2 7.3.3 7.3.4 Applying the conceptual model: the indicators.............................................................................................. 121 Quality of data................................................................................................................................................ 122 Reference year and reference country....................................................................................................... 124 Methodological details..................................................................................................................................... 124 2007 ICT-01 groupings................................................................................................................................... 126 ICT Opportunity progress and discrepancies................................................................................................. 129 ICT Opportunity Index growth rates: evolution over time............................................................................. 130 Tracking the digital divide................................................................................................................................132 7.3 Results of the 2007 ICT Opportunity Index.................................................................................................... 126 7.3.5 WSIS groupings................................................................................................................................................ 133 7.4 Conclusions....................................................................................................................................................... 136 CHAPTER EIGHT: CONCLUSIONS............................................................................................................................................................ 144 ANNEX: INFORMATION SOCIETY STATISTICS................................................................................................................................. 147

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