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Social dilemmas

Author: Komorita, Samuel S. ; Parks, Craig D. Series: Social psychology Publisher: Westview Press, 1996.Edition: 2nd ed.Language: EnglishDescription: 180 p. : Graphs ; 23 cm.ISBN: 0813330033Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print HM136 .K66 1996
(Browse shelf)
001240108
Available 001240108
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references and index

Digitized

Social Dilemmas Contents Preface ix 1 Introduction 1 The Nature of Interdependence 3 Correspondence of Outcomes 4 The Mixed-Motive Case 7 Social Dilemmas 8 The Prisoner's Dilemma 9 Social Traps 9 The Public Goods Paradigm 10 Take-Some and Give-Some Games 12 Summary and Conclusions 14 Notes 14 2 The Prisoner's Dilemma 16 The Two-Person Prisoner's Dilemma 17 The Win-Stay, Lose-Change Principle 20 Effects of Reward Structure 22 The Game of Chicken 25 Some Factors That Affect Cooperation in the PDG 27 Choices of the Other Person 27 Effects of Communication 28 Individual Differences 30 Other Factors 30 Theoretical Interpretations of the Prisoner's Dilemma 32 An Attributional Approach 32 A Theory of Interdependence 33 The Goal/Expectation Hypothesis 35 The Evolution of Cooperation 36 The N-person Prisoner's Dilemma 40 An Index of Cooperation 42 Group Size and Cooperation 45 Yamagishi's Structural Goal/Expectation 48 Summary 49 3 Public Goods 51 What Are Public Goods? 51 Types of Public Goods 53 Early Research on Public Goods 54 Why Do People Free Ride? 55 Self-Efficacy 55 Group Size 62 The Sucker Effect 64 Other Variables 66 How Can Free Riding Be Minimized? 69 E ffects of Discussion 69 No Fear, No Greed 70 Sanctions 74 Method of Contribution 75 Auction 76 Group Competition for Public Goods 77 Summary 79 4 Social Traps 80 What Is a Social Trap? 81 Behavior in a Social Trap 86 Responsible Harvesting 87 Conformity 88 Behavior Over Time 90 Complex Behavior in a Social Trap 91 Solving Resource Dilemmas 91 Structural Solutions 91 Who Wants to Change? 92 Individual Solutions 95 Summary 100 5 Social Values 101 Assessment of Social Values 103 Measures of Social Values 103 Measures of Other Traits 107 Research on Social Values 112 Intergame Stability 112 Beliefs 114 Changing Behaviors 115 Where Do Values Come From? 117 Sex Differences 121 Summary 123 6 Social Dilemmas and Interdisciplinary Issues 124 Political Science 125 The Arms Race 125 Gaining and the Arms Race: History 125 What Type of Game? 127 Chicken 127 The Security Dilemma 128 Coordination Games 131 Is One Game Adequate? 133 Voting 137 Summary of Games in Political Science 138 Financial Issues 138 Bargaining and Negotiation 138 Other Questions 141 Summary of Games and Finance 142 Biology 142 PDG "Played" by Nonhumans 142 Evolution 145 Summary of Games in Biology 150 7 Summary and Conclusions 151 Examples of Social Dilemmas 152 Fishing in the Atlantic Ocean 152 Steam Power 152 Incentive Programs 153 Energy Conservation 154 Future Research on Social Dilemmas 155 Applied Research 155 Rectifying Discrepant Findings 155 Interdisciplinary Work 156 References 157 Index 171

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