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Modernising social policy for the new life course

Author: D'Addio, Anna Cristina ; Whiteford, Peter Corporate author: OECD Publisher: OECD, 2007.Language: EnglishDescription: 221 p. : Graphs ; 27 cm.ISBN: 9789264041264Type of document: Book Online Access: Click here Bibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Digital Library
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Book Europe Campus
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Print HN60.1 .M63 2007
(Browse shelf)
001231566
Available 001231566
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Includes bibliographical references

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Modernising Social Policy for the New Life Course Table of Contents Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................11 Chapter 1. From Separated Life Phases to Interrelated Life Risks A Life-course Approach to Social Policy...............................................................................13 By Anna Cristina D'Addio and Peter Whiteford 1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 14 2. Assets and the life-course perspective: "time" and "money" ....................................................14 3. Investigating new social policy responses: the seminar ......................................................... 15 3.1. The nature of social and economic changes in the new life-course perspective: addressing the issues ..................................................................................................16 3.2. The heterogeneity of life-course patterns: policy issues ................................................ 17 4. Time over the life course ............................................................................................................ 17 4.1. How to redistribute time over the life course? Assisting families in their role of carers ............................................................................................................................ 17 4.2. How to redistribute time over the life course? Examples from Belgium and the Netherlands .................................................................................................... 18 5. Assets over the life course: how social policy fits in? .............................................................. 20 6. Some preliminary conclusions ................................................................................................21 Chapter 2. The Life-course Perspective and Social Policies: An Overview of the Issues ................23 By Arij Lans Bovenberg 1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 24 2. Trends and challenges .......................................................................................................... 25 2.1. Trends ........................................................................................................................... 25 2.2. Challenges ..................................................................................................................... 27 2.3. A life-course perspective .................................................................................................. 30 3. Economic theory and empirical evidence ................................................................................ 31 3.1. Market failures ...............................................................................................................31 3.2. Institutional failures .................................................................................................... 34 4. Policy recommendations .......................................................................................................... 39 4.1. A longer working life ...........................................................................................................39 4.2. More flexibility of working time over the life course ........................................................42 4.3. Workplace cultures aimed at employability and flexibility .............................................43 4.4. More inclusive labour and housing markets ................................................................ 44 4.5. From breadwinner support to in-work benefits for parents ......................................... 45 4.6. Shift public support from the old to the young ............................................................ 46 4.7. Individual accounts in social insurance ...................................................................... 47 5. Conclusions ............................................................................................................................49 References .......................................................................................................................................51 Chapter 3. The Role and Effectiveness of Time Policies for Reconciliation of Care Responsibilities ......................................................................................................................... 75 By Colette Fagan and Pierre Walthery 1. Introduction ..........................................................................................................................76 2. The impact of care responsibilities on women's employment over the life course .................76 2.1. Country differences in the impact of care responsibilities on women's employment participation ........................................................................................................................ 77 2.2. The economic case for promoting the employment integration of those with care responsibilities ..............................................................................................................78 3. Parental leave ......................................................................................................................... 79 3.1. Parental leave arrangements in selected OECD countries ........................................... 81 3.2. Take-up of parental leave ...............................................................................................86 3.3. Other types of care leave ................................................................................................90 4. Different forms of part-time and reduced hours working arrangements .............................. 90 4.1. Possibilities for switching from full-time to part-time working hours in European countries .......................................................................................................92 4.2. Legal frameworks which provide employees with the individual right to reduce their hours: a comparison of the provisions in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom ....................................................................................................... 94 5. The impact of parental leave and part-time working hours on career progression and earnings over the life course ......................................................................................... 96 5.1. Patterns of return and employment for mothers following parental leave ................... 97 5.2. Longer term impact of leave and/or periods of part-time work on women's life-course employment and earnings ................................................................................................... 99 6. Conclusions ........................................................................................................................... 101 References ...................................................................................................................................... 103 Annex 3.A1. Statutory parental leave arrangements in selected OECD and non-OECD countries .................................................................................................... 112 Chapter 4. Ageing and Life-course Issues: The Case of the Career Break Scheme (Belgium) and the Life-course Regulation (Netherlands) ................................................................ 117 By Sophie Devisscher and Debbie Sanders 1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 118 2. Phased retirement and part-time work for older workers .....................................................118 2.1. Use of phased retirement systems................................................................................ 118 2.2. Overview on time credit/career break in Belgium and life-course scheme in the Netherlands ...................................................................................................... 119 3. Effectiveness of policy measures for part-time work and phased retirement........................ 122 3.1. Time credit/career break system in Belgium............................................................... 123 3.2. Life-course scheme in the Netherlands and evidence from other OECD countries ...... 125 4. Conclusions ........................................................................................................................... 127 References ......................................................................................................................................129 Chapter 5. Ins and Outs of the Dutch Life-course Savings Scheme.................................................. 133 By Lei Delsen 1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 134 2. Background and ingredients of the Dutch Life Course Savings Scheme...............................134 3. Expected results ...................................................................................................................137 4. Actual participation .............................................................................................................. 140 5. Conclusions and outlook .................................................................................................... 142 References .................................................................................................................................... 144 Chapter 6. Life-course Policies and the Labour Market .................................................................... 149 By Christine Erhel 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 150 2. Life-course policies at the intersection of several theoretical approaches ...........................150 2.1. Analyses of the life cycle in economics ......................................................................... 151 2.2. The "life-course" approach ............................................................................................ 152 2.3. The "transitional markets" approach ..........................................................................153 3. The implications of life-course policies for the OECD countries .......................................... 154 3.1. The position in the life cycle and the situation on the labour market: the role of "national models" ......................................................................................... 154 3.2. Life course and risks ................................................................................................... 158 4. The levers available under existing policies .......................................................................... 159 4.1. Targeted policies ............................................................................................................159 4.2. General policies ............................................................................................................. 161 5. What paths for reform? .........................................................................................................163 6. Conclusions ......................................................................................................................... 164 References .................................................................................................................................... 165 Chapter 7. Asset-based Social Programmes: A Critical Analysis of Current Initiatives ................ 173 By Michael Mendelson 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 174 2. Possible objectives for asset-based social policies ................................................................ 175 2.1. Efficiency........................................................................................................................... 175 2.2. Behavioural ................................................................................................................. 176 2.3. Redistribution ............................................................................................................. 177 2.4. Fairness..................................................................................................................... 178 3. Canada ..............................................................................................................................178 3.1. Learn$ave ..................................................................................................................... 178 3.2. Canada Education Savings Grant (CESG) and Canada Learning Bonds (CLB) .......... 181 4. United Kingdom ....................................................................................................................... 184 4.1. The Child Trust Fund (CTF) ...........................................................................................184 4.2. The Savings Gateway..................................................................................................... 188 5. United States ...................................................................................................................... 191 5.1. The Tulsa Experimental IDA ..........................................................................................192 6. Conclusions ......................................................................................................................... 195 References .................................................................................................................................... 196 Chapter 8. Redistribution across the Life Course in Social Protection Systems: An Overview......................................................................................................................... 201 By Ann-Charlotte Ståhlberg 1. 2. 3. 4. The redistributive effects of social protection ....................................................................... 202 Why is there an interest in intra-personal redistribution? .................................................203 Dynamic microsimulation .................................................................................................... 205 Lifetime redistributive impact of the social insurance system is smaller than the annual incidence suggests ................................................................................ 208 4.1. Sweden ......................................................................................................................... 209 4.2. Australia and the United Kingdom ............................................................................. 212 4.3. Ireland ..........................................................................................................................212 4.4. The Netherlands ............................................................................................................213 5. Conclusions ........................................................................................................................ 214 References .................................................................................................................................... 216

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