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Chile

Author: Hutschenreiter, Gernot ; Velasco, Patricio ; Rozenwurcel, Guillermo ; Guinet, Jean Corporate author: OECD Series: OECD reviews of innovation policy Publisher: OECD, 2007.Language: English, FrenchDescription: 218 p. : Graphs ; 23 cm.ISBN: 9789264037519Type of document: Book Online Access: Click here Bibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Digital Library
E-book Available
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print HC500.32 .C45 C45 2007
(Browse shelf)
001231525
Available 001231525
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references

Digitized

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy Chile Table of Contents Overall Assessment and Recommendations........................................................................... 9 The Chilean innovation system: distinctive features, main weaknesses and potential.........10 A system focused on public research and poorly connected to market dynamics........... 11 Discrepancies in the capability building process.............................................................. 12 Bottlenecks impeding knowledge flows and co-operative undertakings.......................... 13 Potential for future development....................................................................................... 13 Government innovation policy: a learning process at a critical stage................................... 14 Weak overall governance and agency co-ordination........................................................ 16 Unbalanced policy mix...................................................................................................... 16 Fragmented and unfocused instruments............................................................................ 17 Recommendations..................................................................................................................18 Strategic orientations......................................................................................................... 18 Guiding principles............................................................................................................. 20 Specific recommendations................................................................................................ 22 Evaluation d'ensemble et recommandations......................................................................... 27 Le système d'innovation chilien : caractéristiques, principales faiblesses et potentiel......... 28 Un système centre sur la recherche publique ayant trop peu de liens avec la dynamique du marché....................................................................................................... 29 Des faiblesses dans le processus de renforcement des capacités................................... 31 Des obstacles à la circulation des connaissances et à la collaboration........................ 31 Les possibilités de developpement futur........................................................................... 32 Politique publique de l'innovation : un stade decisif dans la courbe d'apprentissage....... 35 La faiblesse de la gouvernance globale et de la coordination entre les organismes..... 35 Un portefeuille de mesures déséquilibre........................................................................... 36 Un éparpillement des aides et des instruments mal ciblés................................................ 37 Recommandations..................................................................................................................38 Les orientations stratégiques......................................................................................... 38 Principes directeurs...................................................................................................... 40 Chapter 1. Towards More Innovation-Driven Growth.................................................... 49 1.1. Macroeconomic performance and institutional build-up..............................................49 1.1.1. Economic performance..........................................................................................49 1.1.2. Economic reform and institutional build-up......................................................... 50 1.1.3. Sources of economic growth................................................................................. 51 1.2. International trade and foreign direct investment.........................................................57 1.2.1. International trade..................................................................................................57 1.2.2. Foreign direct investment......................................................................................60 1.3. Major structural features and structural change in the Chilean economy.................... 63 1.4. Framework conditions for innovation.......................................................................... 64 1.4.1. Macroeconomic framework, business environment and entrepreneurship ..........66 1.4.2. Competition, product and labour market regulations and other framework conditions........................................................................................................................ 67 1.5. Inequality and poverty reduction.................................................................................. 70 1.6. A strategy for more innovation-driven growth.............................................................72 Chapter 2. Chile's Innovation Performance in an International Perspective................ 81 2.1. Benchmarking performance in science, technology and innovation............................81 2.1.1. Inputs to innovation...............................................................................................81 2.1.2. Innovation outputs................................................................................................. 94 2.1.3. Innovation input/output efficiency ­ an interim diagnostic.................................. 102 2.2. The innovation system approach: main lessons from OECD countries' experience............................................................................................................................ 103 2.2.1. The nature of the innovation system..................................................................... 105 2.2.2. The innovation process..........................................................................................112 2.2.3. An extended rationale for government innovation policy.....................................116 Chapter 3. Innovation Actors in Chile................................................................................119 3.1. The business sector....................................................................................................... 123 3.1.1. Overall RandD and innovation patterns...................................................................123 3.1.2. Innovation in resource-based industries................................................................132 3.2. Public research and technological organisations.......................................................... 139 3.2.1. Universities............................................................................................................140 3.2.2. Technological institutes.........................................................................................142 3.3. Interaction among actors.............................................................................................. 148 3.3.1. Firms' networking and clustering.......................................................................... 149 3.3.2. Industry-science relationships............................................................................... 157 Chapter 4. The Role of Government............................................................................... 159 4.1. The evolution of Chile's innovation policy................................................................. 159 4.1.1. The initial phase...................................................................................................159 4.1.2. First transition: institutional differentiation.........................................................162 4.1.3. Second transition: rebalancing the policy mix through further institutional differentiation.................................................................................................................165 4.1.4. Ongoing transition: moving from public support to innovation governance ..... 166 4.2. Governance and policy mix........................................................................................ 167 4.2.1. Governance.......................................................................................................... 167 4.2.2. Policy mix............................................................................................................ 174 4.3. Portfolio of instruments.............................................................................................. 179 4.3.1. Funding agencies, funds and programmes...........................................................179 4.3.2. Agency co-ordination failures............................................................................. 183 4.3.3. Fragmented, unbalanced and unfocused instrument mix.................................... 184 4.3.4. Evaluation and institutional learning................................................................... 185 4.4. Strategic tasks of innovation policy: a functional assessment....................................191 4.4.1. Providing the business sector the right incentives for increased RandD and innovation efforts...........................................................................................................192 4.4.2. Ensuring critical mass, excellence and relevance in scientific research............. 198 4.4.3. Strengthening the knowledge infrastructure through appropriate steering of technological institutes.............................................................................................. 199 4.4.4. Promoting industry-science relationships............................................................200 4.4.5. Securing the supply of qualified human resources.............................................. 203 4.4.6. Keeping the Chilean NIS well connected to global innovation networks ..........206 Acronyms and Abbreviations................................................................................................ 207 References.............................................................................................................................209 Acknowledgements................................................................................................................217

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