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Ethical theory and business

Author: Beauchamp, Tom L. ; Bowie, Norman E.Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall 2004.Edition: 7th international ed.Language: EnglishDescription: 686 p. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0131228803Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references
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Book Asia Campus
Archives
Print BJ53 .E82 2004
(Browse shelf)
900178174
Available 900178174
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print BJ53 .E82 2004
(Browse shelf)
001214596
Available 001214596
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Includes bibliographical references

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Ethical Theory and Business Contents PREFACE xiii Chapter One ETHICAL THEORY AND BUSINESS PRACTICE 1 FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS AND PROBLEMS Morality and Ethical Theory 1 Morality and Prudence 2 Morality and Law 4 The Rule of Conscience 5 Approaches to the Study of Morality 6 Relativism and Objectivity of Belief 7 Moral Disagreements 10 The Problem of Egoism 12 NORMATIVE ETHICAL THEORY Utilitarian Theories 17 Kantian Ethics 22 Contemporary Challenges to the Dominant Theories 28 Rights Theories 28 Virtue Ethics 31 Feminist Ethics and the Ethics of Care 33 Common Morality Theories 35 A Prologue to Theories of Justice 38 ANALYSIS OF CASES The Case Method in Law 39 The Case Method in Business 40 The Case Method in Ethics 40 Ethical Theory and Case Analysis 41 Chapter Two THE PURPOSE OF THE CORPORATION 45 INTRODUCTION STOCKHOLDER MANAGEMENT VERSUS STAKEHOLDER MANAGEMENT Milton Friedman, The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits 50 R. Edward Freeman, A Stakeholder Theory of the Modern Corporation 55 WHICH VIEW IS RIGHT? John Hasnas, Two Normative Theories of Business Ethics: A Critique 65 John R. Boatright, What's So Special About Shareholders? 75 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES Michigan Supreme Court, Dodge v. Ford Motor Co. 83 Supreme Court of New Jersey, A. P Smith Manufacturing Co. v. Barlow 85 Johnson and Johnson: Our Credo 88 CASES Case 1: Shutdown at Eastland 89 Case 2: Merck and River Blindness 90 Case 3: H. B. Fuller in Honduras: Street Children and Substance Abuse 91 Suggested Supplementary Readings 93 Chapter Three CORPORATE CHARACTER AND INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY 95 INTRODUCTION ACCOUNTABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY Jennifer Moore, Corporate Culpability under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines 99 Manuel Velasquez, Debunking Corporate Moral Responsibility 109 Russell P Boisjoly, Ellen Foster Curtis, Eugene Mellican, Roger Boisjoly and the Challenger Disaster: The Ethical Dimensions 123 Lisa Belkin, How Can We Save the Next Victim? 136 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES Federal Sentencing Guidelines--Sentencing of Organizations 147 United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, United States v. Bank of New England 152 Supreme Court of South Dakota, State of South Dakota v. Hy Vee Food Stores; Inc. 156 CASES Case 1: An Auditor's Dilemma 158 Case 2: Sears Auto Centers 159 Case 3: H. J. Heinz Company: The Administration of Policy 161 Suggested Supplementary Readings 165 Chapter Four ACCEPTABLE RISK 166 INTRODUCTION CONSUMER RISK Manuel G. Velasquez, The Ethics of Consumer Production 175 George G. Brenkert, Strict Products Liability and Compensatory Justice 184 INVESTMENT RISK Robert E. Frederick and W Michael Hoffman, The Individual Investor in Securities Markets: An Ethical Analysis 189 John R Boatright, Ethical Issues in Financial Services 196 OCCUPATIONAL RISK Ruth R Faden and Tom L. Beauchamp, The Right to Risk Information and the Right to Refuse Workplace Hazards 204 John R Boatright, Occupational Health and Safety 211 ENVIRONMENTAL RISK Richard T De George, Safety, Risk, and Environmental Protection 222 Manuel G. Velasquez, Ethics and the Environment 227 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES Supreme Court of New Jersey, Henningsen v. Bloomfield Motors, Inc. and Chrysler Corporation 237 Supreme Court of the United States, Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc. 241 Supreme Court of the United States, United States, Petitioner v. Bestfoods et al. 244 CASES Case 1: Protecting Consumers Against Tobacco 247 Case 2: Exposing Workers to Plutonium 248 Case 3: The McDonald's Polystyrene Case 249 Case 4: Enron and Employee Investment Risk 251 Case 5: OSHA Noncompliance and Security 252 Case 6: Texaco in the Ecuadorean Amazon 252 Suggested Supplementary Readings 254 Chapter Five ETHICAL TREATMENT OF EMPLOYEES 257 INTRODUCTION THE HIRING AND FIRING OF EMPLOYEES Patricia H. Werhane and Tara J. Radin, Employment at Will and Due Process 266 Richard A. Epstein, In Defense of the Contract at Will 274 PRIVACY Joseph Kupfer, The Ethics of Genetic Screening in the Workplace 282 Andrew C. Wicks, Lowell E. Sever, Rebekah Harty, Steven W Gajewski, Miriam Marcus-Smith, Screening Workers for Genetic Hypersusceptibility: Potential Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications from the Human Genome Project 289 WHISTLEBLOWING Michael Davis, Some Paradoxes of Whistleblowing 297 Ronald Duska, Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty 305 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES Superior Court of New Jersey, Warthen v. Toms River Community Memorial Hospital 310 Superior Court of New Jersey, Potter v. Village Bank of New Jersey 314 CASES Case 1: The Reluctant Security Guard 318 Case 2: A Matter of Principle 321 Case 3: Health and Genetic Screening 322 Suggested Supplementary Readings 323 Chapter Six DIVERSITY AND DISCRIMINATION IN THE WORKPLACE 325 INTRODUCTION George Sher, Diversity 331 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND REVERSE DISCRIMINATION Thomas Nagel, A Defense of Affirmative Action 339 N. Scott Arnold, Affirmative Action and the Demands of Justice 343 Tom L. Beauchamp, Goals and Quotas in Hiring and Promotion 352 ARTICLES Deborah Epstein, Can a "Dumb Ass Woman" Achieve Equality in the Workplace? Running the Gauntlet of Hostile Environment Harassing Speech 361 Eugene Volokh, What Speech Does "Hostile Work Environment" Harassment Law Restrict? 369 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES Supreme Court of the United States, Local 28 of the Sheet Metal Worker's International Association v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 374 Supreme Court of the United States, City of Richmond v. J. A. Croson Company 379 Supreme Court of the United States, Mentor Savings Bank, FSB v. Vinson, et al. 384 Supreme Court of the United States, Teresa Harris, Petitioner v. Forklift Systems, Inc. 389 CASES Case 1: Increasing Minority Coaches in the NFL 391 Case 2: Sing's Chinese Restaurant 392 Case 3: Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio 393 Case 4: Weber and the Kaiser Aluminum Steelworkers Plan 394 Case 5: Firefighters Local Union No. 1784 v. Stotts 395 Case 6: Promotions at Uptown Bottling and Canning Company 396 Case 7: Freedom of Expression in the Workplace 397 Case 8: "Harassment" at Brademore Electric 397 Suggested Supplementary Readings 399 Chapter Seven MARKETING AND THE DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION 401 INTRODUCTION Robert L. Arrington, Advertising and Behavior Control 409 John Douglas Bishop, Is Self-Identity Image Advertising Ethical? 417 David M. Holley, Information Disclosure in Sales 427 Thomas Carson, Deception and Withholding Information in Sales 434 BLUFFING Albert Z. Carr, Is Business Bluffing Ethical? 443 Thomas Carson, Second Thoughts About Bluffing 448 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES United States Court of Appeals (First Circuit), Irving A. Backman v. Polaroid Corporation 453 United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, B. Sanfield, Inc. v. Finlay Fine Jewelry Corp. 456 United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, Coca-Cola Company v. Tropicana Products, Inc. 459 CASES Case 1: More HorsePOWER? 461 Case 2: Self-Identity Advertising 462 Case 3: Advertising Joe Camel 462 Case 4: Green Advertising 463 Case 5: Sales at World Camera and Electronics 464 Case 6: Marketing Malt Liquor 465 Case 7: The Conventions of Lying on Wall Street 465 Suggested Supplementary Readings 467 Chapter Eight ETHICAL ISSUES IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 469 INTRODUCTION COMPUTERS AND PRIVACY Deborah Johnson, Privacy 473 Darren Charters, Electronic Monitoring and Privacy Issues in Business-Marketing: The Ethics of the DoubleClick Experience 487 TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Richard T De George, Intellectual Property and The Information Age 495 Lawrence Lessig, Controlling the Wired 504 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES U.S. Supreme Court, Sony Corp. v. Universal City Studios Inc. 513 United States District Court for the Northern District of California, A and M Records v. Napster 518 CASES Case 1: Privacy, Legality, and Information Technology 524 Case 2: Privacy Pressures: The Use of Web Bugs at HomeConnection 525 Case 3: Spiders at the Auction 527 Case 4: Ditto.Com 528 Suggested Supplementary Readings 530 Chapter Nine ETHICAL ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS 532 INTRODUCTION UNIVERSALS, RELATIVISM, AND THE PROBLEM OF BRIBERY Norman Bowie, Relativism and the Moral Obligations of Multinational Corporations 538 Patricia H. Werhane, Exporting Mental Models: Global Capitalism in the 21st Century 544 Thomas W. Dunfee and Thomas J. Donaldson, Untangling the Corruption Knot: Global Bribery Viewed through the Lens of Integrative Social Contract Theory 550 HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION Denis G. Arnold, Human Rights and Global Labor Practices 558 John K Schermerhorn, Jr., Terms of Global Business Engagement in Ethically Challenging Environments: Applications to Burma 570 Ian Maitland, The Great Non-Debate Over International Sweatshops 579 Denis G. Arnold, Norman E. Bowie, Sweatshops and Respect for Persons 591 LEGAL PERSPECTIVES Universal Declaration of Human Rights 606 Supreme Court of Texas, Dow Chemical Company and Shell Oil Company v. Domingo Castro Alfaro et al. 610 U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, Doe 1 vs. Unocal 615 CASES Case 1: Foreign Assignment 621 Case 2: Facilitation or Bribery: Cultural and Ethical Disparities 623 Case 3: Adidas-Salomon: Application of Standards of Engagement to Child Labor Dilemma 624 Suggested Supplementary Readings 628 Chapter Ten SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC JUSTICE 630 INTRODUCTION THEORIES OF SOCIAL JUSTICE John Rawls, An Egalitarian Theory of Justice 638 Robert Nozick, The Entitlement Theory 646 Peter Singer, Rich and Poor 650 Michael Walzer, Spheres of Justice 656 Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom 663 Leo Groarke, Can Capitalism Save Itself? Some Ruminations on the Fate of Capitalism 669 CASES Case 1: Baseball Economics 676 Case 2: Nike's Suppliers in Vietnam 677 Case 3: Sapora's Patriarchical Society 679 Case 4: CEO Compensation at Qwest 680 Case 5: Cocaine at the Fortune-500 Level 681 Case 6: Covering the Costs of Health Care 682 Suggested Supplementary Readings 684

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