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The Nature of scientific evidence: statistical, philosophical, and empirical considerations

Author: Taper, Mark L. ; Lele, Subhash R.Publisher: University of Chicago Press, 2004.Language: EnglishDescription: 567 p. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0226789578Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print Q175 .N38 2004
(Browse shelf)
001225980
Available 001225980
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references and index

Digitized

The Nature of Scientific Evidence Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations Contents Foreword by C. R. Rao xi Preface xv PART 1 SCIENTIFIC PROCESS .................................................................... 1 Overview Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele 1 A Brief Tour of Statistical Concepts 3 Nicholas Lewin-Koh, Mark L. Taper, and Subhash R. Lele 2 Models of Scientific Inquiry and Statistical Practice: Implications for the Structure of Scientific Knowledge 17 Brian A. Maurer 2.1 Commentary Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay and John G. Bennett 32 2.2 Commentary Mark L. Wilson 39 2.3 Rejoinder Brian A. Maurer 43 3 Experiments, Observations, and Other Kinds of Evidence 51 Samuel M. Scheiner 3.1 Commentary Marie-Josee Fortin 66 3.2 Commentary Manuel C. Molles, Jr. 67 3.3 Rejoinder Samuel M. Scheiner 69 viii PART 2 Contents LOGICS OF EVIDENCE ................................................................... 73 Overview V. P. Godambe 4 An Error-Statistical Philosophy of Evidence 79 Deborah G. Mayo 4.1 Commentary Earl D. McCoy 97 4.2 Commentary George Casella 99 4.3 Rejoinder Deborah G. Mayo 101 5 The Likelihood Paradigm for Statistical Evidence 119 Richard Royall 5.1 Commentary D. R. Cox 138 5.2 Commentary Martin Curd 140 5.3 Rejoinder Richard Royall 145 6 Why Likelihood? 153 Malcolm Forster and Elliott Sober 6.1 Commentary Michael Kruse 165 6.2 Commentary Robert J. Boik 167 6.3 Rejoinder Malcolm Forster and Elliott Sober 181 7 Evidence Functions and the Optimality of the Law of Likelihood 191 Subhash R. Lele 7.1 Commentary Christopher C. Heyde 203 7.2 Commentary Paul I. Nelson 205 7.3 Rejoinder Subhash R. Lele 207 PART 3 REALITIES OF NATURE ............................................................... 217 Overview Mark S. Boyce 8 Whole-Ecosystem Experiments: Replication and Arguing from Error 221 Jean A. Miller and Thomas M. Frost 8.i Commentary William A. Link 248 8.2 Commentary Charles E. McCulloch 256 8.3 Rejoinder Jean A. Miller 258 Contents ix 9 Dynamical Models as Paths to Evidence in Ecology 275 Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele 9.1 Commentary Steven Hecht Orzack 286 9.2 Commentary Philip M. Dixon 290 9.3 Rejoinder Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele 292 10 Constraints on Negative Relationships: Mathematical Causes and Ecological Consequences 298 James H. Brown, Edward J. Bedrick, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, and Jeffrey F. Kelly 10.1 Commentary Robert D. Holt and Norman A. Slade 308 10.2 Commentary Steve Cherry 315 10.3 Rejoinder James H. Brown, Edward J. Bedrick, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, and Jeffrey F. Kelly 318 PART 4 SCIENCE, OPINION, AND EVIDENCE .......................................... 325 Overview Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele 11 Statistics and the Scientific Method in Ecology 327 Brian Dennis 11.1 Commentary Charles E. McCulloch 360 11.2 Commentary Aaron M. Ellison 362 11.3 Rejoinder Brian Dennis 367 12 Taking the Prior Seriously: Bayesian Analysis without Subjective Probability 379 Daniel Goodman 12.1 Commentary Nozer D. Singpurwalla 400 12.2 Rejoinder Daniel Goodman 401 13 Elicit Data, Not Prior: On Using Expert Opinion in Ecological Studies 410 Subhash R. Lele Contents x 13.1 Commentary R. Cary Tuckfield 423 13.2 Commentary Lance A. Waller 428 13.3 Rejoinder Subhash R. Lele 431 MODELS, REALITIES, AND EVIDENCE ....................................... 437 PART 5 Overview Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele 14 Statistical Distances as Loss Functions in Assessing Model Adequacy 439 Bruce G. Lindsay 14.1 Commentary D. R. Cox 478 14.2 Commentary Stephen P. Ellner 480 14.3 Rejoinder Bruce G. Lindsay 483 15 Model Identification from Many Candidates 488 Mark L. Taper 15.1 Commentary Isabella Verdinelli and Larry Wasserman 501 15.2 Commentary Hamparsum Bozdogan 508 15.3 Rejoinder Mark L. Taper 519 PART 6 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................. 525 16 The Nature of Scientific Evidence: A Forward-Looking Synthesis 527 Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele List of Contributors 553 Index 557

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