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Primitive art

Author: Boas, Franz Publisher: Dover Publications, 1955.Language: EnglishDescription: 372 p. : Ill. ; 20 cm.ISBN: 0486200256Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print GN345.1 .B63 1955
(Browse shelf)
001222482
Available 001222482
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references and index

Digitized

Primitive Art Table of Contents Preface 1 Mental attitude of primitive people........................................................................ 1 Primitive culture, historical growth ....................................................................... 4 The object of the investigation is a study of dynamic conditions of art growth 7 Acknowledgments ................................................................................................ 8 I. Introduction................................................................................................................... 9 What is art? ........................................................................................................... 9 Technical perfection in art................................................................................... 10 Emotional appeal of contents of art colors........................................................ 12 Historical notations ........................................................................................... 13 II. The formal elements in art ....................................................................................... 17 Virtuosity ........................................................................................................... 17 Regularity of form and virtuosity ...................................................................... 19 Lack of virtuosity and artistic form................................................................... 22 Lack of effect of artistic form............................................................................ 25 The plain, strong line and regular curve ........................................................... 31 Symmetry........................................................................................................... 32 Inverted symmetry............................................................................................. 36 Rhythm................................................................................................................. 40 Marginal designs ............................................................................................... 55 Decoration of prominent places ........................................................................ 60 Conclusion ......................................................................................................... 62 111. Representative art ................................................................................................. 64 Representation and representative art ............................................................... 64 Primitive symbolic and realistic representation ................................................ 69 Influence of technique upon style of representation ......................................... 81 IV. Symbolism.............................................................................................................. 88 Wide distribution of symbolic interpretation .................................................... 88 Lack of stability of explanation ...................................................................... 102 Lack of coherence in symbols.......................................................................... 106 Design names................................................................................................... 109 Studies in conventionalization .............................................................................. 113 Geographical distribution of explanations of similar designs ......................... 118 Reading in of meanings ................................................................................... 121 Development of geometrical form according to representative tendencies .... 124 Stability of patterns of action as against instability of interpretation ............. 128 Table of contents Change of type due to slovenly execution ....................................................... 130 Technical motives applaying to representations ............................................. 138 Effect of decorative field .................................................................................. 141 Effect of symbolic methods of representation ................................................. 143 V. Style.......................................................................................................................... 144 The problem of style ......................................................................................... 144 Motor habits and form....................................................................................... 145 Concentration of forms...................................................................................... 148 Transfer of forms in new materials .................................................................. 150 Technical determination of form ...................................................................... 153 Individuality of style ......................................................................................... 153 The artist in his cultural setting ........................................................................ 155 Control of style over invention ........................................................................ 156 Formal elements of style .................................................................................. 161 Dissemination of art forms and local developments........................................ 161 Diversity of style in the same tribe and community........................................ 180 VI. The art of the Northwest coast of North America................................................. 183 Symbolic representations of animal forms....................................................... 186 The beaver .................................................................................................... 186 The sculpin ................................................................................................... 188 The hawk and the eagle ............................................................................... 190 The dragon-fly .............................................................................................. 192 The killer-whale............................................................................................ 194 The bear ........................................................................................................ 197 The sea-monster 198 The flog ........................................................................................................ 198 The *lark ....................................................................................................... 198 Summary of symbols......................................................................................... 202 Minor symbols are not strictly normative ........................................................ 207 The wolf; variations of form in representations of same animal .................... 213 Variations in interpretation .............................................................................. 214 Use of fragmentary symbols ............................................................................ 216 Adaptation of animal forms to the decorative field ........................................ 218 Formal elements in animal representations ..................................................... 221 Design arrangement on Chilkat blankets ......................................................... 257 Design arrangement on boxes........................................................................... 262 Design arrangement on food trays ................................................................... 270 Design arrangement on square boxes .............................................................. 275 Geometrical elements ....................................................................................... 279 Older art styles of the Gulf of Georgia............................................................. 284 Realistic representations ................................................................................... 285 Table of contents Geometrical designs in basketry ............................................................... 289 Art of neighboring tribes............................................................................. VII. Primitive literature, music, and dance ......................................................... General occurrence of literature, music, and dance ............................. Relation between song, music, and dance............................................... Primitive prose ............................................................................................. Rhythm ........................................................................................................... Emphasis......................................................................................................... Symmetry ....................................................................................................... Metaphor ........................................................................................................ Poetic description ........................................................................................ Local culture reflected in literary form .................................................. Symbolic meaning of narrative.................................................................. Different literary styles are found in the same tribe ............................ Distribution of literary forms .................................................................... Music .............................................................................................................. Dance .............................................................................................................. Conclusion ........................................................................................................ Text figures................................................................................................................. Explanation of plates ............................................................................................... Name Index................................................................................................................. 294 299 299 303 303 310 317 320 320 325 327 337 337 338 340 344 349 357 373 374

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