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Modern Spanish grammar

Author: Kattan-Ibarra, Juan ; Pountain, Christopher J. Series: Routledge modern grammars Publisher: Routledge 2004.Description: 446 p. ; 26 cm.ISBN: 0415273048Type of document: BookNote: Doriot: for 2014-2015 coursesBibliography/Index: Includes index List(s) this item appears in: Spanish Language Recommended Books
Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Notes Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Asia Campus
Main Collection
Print P1000 .SP K38 2004
(Browse shelf)
900210665
Available 900210665
Book (short loan) Europe Campus
Textbook Collection
Print P1000 .SP K38 2004
(Browse shelf)
001222375
Consultation only Recommended language books 001222375
Total holds: 0

Doriot: for 2014-2015 courses

Includes index

Digitized

Modern Spanish Grammar A practical guide Contents Introduction Glossary Part A Structures xvii xix 1 Pronunciation and spelling 1.1 The Spanish alphabet 1.2 Diphthongs 1.3 Syllabification 1.4 Sinalefa 1.5 The written stress accent 1.6 Punctuation 1.7 Capital letters 2 Gender and gender agreements 2.1 Masculine and feminine 2.2 Plural 2.3 General rules for gender 2.4 Words which are both masculine and feminine 2.5 Nouns which vary in gender 2.6 Agreement classes of adjectives 2.7 The neuter 2.8 Lo 3 Plurals and number agreement 3.1 Plural forms 3.2 Number agreement 4 The articles 4.1 Definite article 4.2 Principal differences between the use of the definite article in Spanish and English 4.3 Definite article + que and de 4.4 The indefinite article 3 3 6 6 7 7 9 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 14 15 16 16 17 19 19 20 21 22 CONTENTS 4.5 Principal differences between the use of the indefinite article in Spanish and English 4.6 Use of the plural unos, unas 5 Adjectives 5.1 Shortening of adjectives 5.2 Adjective position 5.3 Adjectives used as nouns 5.4 Adjectives used as adverbs 6 Comparative forms of adjectives and adverbs 6.1 Lack of distinction between 'more . . .' and 'most . . 6.2 Syntax of comparative constructions 7 Numbers 7.1 Cardinal numbers 7.2 Ordinal numbers 7.3 Expressions involving numbers 8 Personal pronouns 8.1 Subject pronouns 8.2 Object pronouns 8.3 Reduplicated pronoun structures 9 Demonstratives 9.1 Forms 9.2 Order 9.3 Usage 10 Possessives 10.1 Forms 10.2 Usage 11 Relative pronouns 11.1 Que 11.2 El que/el cual, etc. 11.3 Quien(es) 11.4 Cuyo (adj.) 12 Interrogative and exclamatory forms 12.1 ¿Cómo?/Cómo! 12.2 ¿Cuál? and ¿Qué?/Qué! 12.3 ¿CuAndo? 12.4 ¿Cuanto?/Cuanto! vi 22 23 24 24 25 27 27 28 28 29 30 30 31 32 34 34 36 39 40 40 40 41 42 42 43 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 Contents 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 ¿Dónde?/¿Adónde? ¿Para qué?/¿yor qué? ¿Qué tal? ¿Quien(es)? ¿Verdad?, ¿no? 50 50 51 51 51 52 52 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 57 57 57 58 58 58 58 59 59 72 72 73 74 75 76 77 77 78 78 79 79 80 81 13 Indefinite and negative pronouns and adjectives 13.1 Alguno and ninguno 13.2 Alguien and nadie 13.3 Uno 13.4 Algo and nada 13.5 Cualquiera 13.6 Quienquiera 13.7 Todo 14 Adverbs 14.1 Formation of adverbs in -mente 14.2 Other adverbs 15 Negation 15.1 No 15.2 Negative element following the verb 15.3 Expressions requiring a negative 15.4 No . . . sino . . . 15.5 Negation of adjectives 15.6 Negative questions 16 Verb forms 16.1 The overall pattern 17 Use of the verb forms 17.1 Present 17.2 Perfect 17.3 Imperfect 17.4 Preterite 17.5 Future 17.6 Future perfect 17.7 Conditional 17.8 Conditional perfect 17.9 Pluperfect 17.10 Past anterior 17.11 Infinitive 17.12 Gerund 17.13 Imperative vii CONTENTS 18 Use of the subjunctive 18.1 The subjunctive in complements of verbs and verbal expressions 18.2 The subjunctive after conjunctions 18.3 The subjunctive in main clauses 19 Sequence of tense 19.1 In reported (indirect) speech 19.2 Constructions involving the subjunctive 20 Other forms of the verb and their uses 20.1 Estar + gerund 20.2 Ir a + infinitive 20.3 Llevar + gerund 20.4 Acabar de + infinitive 20.5 Ir + gerund 20.6 Venir + gerund 20.7 Tener + past participle 21 Modal auxiliary verbs and expressions 21.1 Poder 21.2 Deber (de) 21.3 Saber 21.4 Querer 21.5 Tener que 21.6 Haber de 21.7 Haber que 22 Ser and estar 22.1 Ser 22.2 Estar 23 The reflexive 23.1 Literal reflexive 23.2 Reflexives with a conventionalized meaning 23.3 Reciprocal reflexives 23.4 Inherently reflexive verbs 23.5 The reflexive corresponding to an English intransitive 23.6 Reflexive verbs with prepositional objects 23.7 The intensifying reflexive 23.8 The impersonal reflexive 23.9 The passive reflexive 24 The passive 24.1 Ser + past participle viii 83 83 86 91 93 93 95 96 96 97 97 98 98 98 98 99 99 100 101 101 102 102 102 103 103 105 108 108 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 Contents 24.2 Estar + past participle 24.3 The passive reflexive 24.4 Use of indefinite subjects 24.5 Bringing the object to the front of the sentence 25 Prepositions 25.1 Basic use of prepositions 25.2 Groups of prepositions 26 Complementation 26.1 Sentence complementation 26.2 Infinitive complementation 26.3 Gerund complementation 27 Conjunctions 27.1 Coordinating conjunctions 27.2 Subordinating conjunctions 28 Word order 28.1 Statements 28.2 Questions PART B Functions I Social contacts and communication strategies 29 Making social contacts 29.1 Greeting someone 29.2 Conveying greetings 29.3 Asking people how they are 29.4 Introducing yourself and others 29.5 Taking leave 29.6 Expressing wishes 29.7 Congratulating someone 29.8 Using the phone 29.9 Writing letters 30 Basic strategies for communication 30.1 Attracting someone's attention and responding to a call for attention 30.2 Starting up a conversation 30.3 Requesting repetition and responding 30.4 Making sure you understand and are understood 30.5 Signalling that one understands the speaker 30.6 Asking how to pronounce or spell a word ix 113 113 114 115 116 116 129 131 131 132 140 141 141 142 145 145 146 153 153 154 155 156 157 159 160 161 165 170 170 171 172 173 175 175 CONTENTS 30.7 Interrupting a speaker 30.8 Using fillers 30.9 Changing the subject 30.10 Formal development of a topic II Giving and seeking factual information 31 Asking questions and responding 31.1 Questions requiring a yes or no answer 31.2 Questions seeking partial information 31.3 Polite and indirect questions 31.4 Negative questions 31.5 Responding to a question with another question 31.6 Responding to a yes or no question 32 Negating 32.1 No + verb/auxiliary 32.2 Limiting the scope of negation 32.3 Negating adjectives and nouns 32.4 Other ways of expressing negation 33 Reporting 33.1 Direct and indirect speech 33.2 Indirect speech 33.3 Reporting statements 33.4 Reporting questions 33.5 Reporting yes and no answers 33.6 Reporting commands and requests 34 Asking and giving personal information 34.1 Name 34.2 Nationality and place of origin 34.3 Marital status 34.4 Age 34.5 Date and place of birth 34.6 Occupation, status or rank, religion and political affiliation 35 Identifying people, places and things 35.1 Identifying oneself and others 35.2 Identifying places 35.3 Identifying things 36 Describing 36.1 Referring to a subject's nature or identity x 175 176 177 178 185 185 187 187 188 188 189 191 191 192 192 193 196 196 196 198 200 201 201 204 204 205 206 207 207 208 210 210 211 211 212 212 Contents 36.2 Enquiring about a subject's nature or identity 36.3 Describing a state or condition 36.4 Descriptions involving an unspoken comparison 36.5 Asking and saying what something is made of 36.6 Describing events 36.7 Describing facts or information 36.8 Describing social manners 36.9 Describing the weather 37 Making comparisons 37.1 Comparisons of inequality 37.2 Comparisons of equality 37.3 Comparing more than two objects 38 Expressing existence and availability 38.1 Asking and answering questions regarding existence 38.2 Describing facilities 38.3 Expressing availability 39 Expressing location and distance 39.1 Expressing location 39.2 Asking and saying where an event will take or took place 39.3 Indicating precise location 39.4 Indicating distance 40 Expressing possessive relations 40.1 Expressing ownership and possession 40.2 Emphasizing possessive relations 40.3 Expressing possessive relations involving parts of the body and personal effects 40.4 Asking whose something is 40.5 Other ways of expressing possession 41 Expressing changes 41.1 Talking about temporary changes 41.2 Talking about long-lasting changes 41.3 Talking about changes resulting from a natural process 41.4 Talking about the result of a process of change 41.5 Talking about changes caused by an action 41.6 Other ways of expressing change 42 Describing processes and results 42.1 Describing processes 42.2 Describing results xi 214 215 215 216 216 217 217 217 219 219 222 224 226 226 228 228 230 230 232 232 235 237 237 239 240 240 241 242 242 243 244 244 245 246 247 247 250 CONTENTS 43 Expressing cause, effect and purpose 43.1 Enquiring about cause 43.2 Giving reasons and expressing relationships of cause and effect 43.3 Other ways of expressing relationships of cause and effect 43.4 Enquiring about purpose 43.5 Expressing purpose III Putting events into a wider context 44 Expressing knowledge 44.1 Expressing knowledge of a fact 44.2 Saying that one knows a person, a place or an object 44.3 Expressing knowledge of a subject or a skill 44.4 Getting to know, become acquainted with or meeting someone 44.5 Learning or finding out about something 45 Remembering and forgetting 45.1 Saying whether one remembers something or someone 45.2 Asking people whether they remember something or someone 45.3 Saying that one has forgotten something or someone 45.4 Enquiring whether someone has forgotten something or someone 46 Expressing obligation and duty 46.1 Expressing obligation and duty with regard to oneself and others 46.2 Enquiring whether one is obliged to do something 46.3 Expressing obligation in an impersonal way 46.4 Other ways of expressing obligation and duty 47 Expressing needs 47.1 Expressing needs with regard to oneself and others 47.2 Asking people about their needs 47.3 Expressing needs in an impersonal way 47.4 Expressing strong need 48 Expressing possibility and probability 48.1 Saying whether something is considered possible or impossible 48.2 Enquiring whether something is considered possible or impossible xii 253 253 254 256 257 258 263 263 264 264 264 265 266 266 268 270 271 272 272 274 274 274 276 276 278 279 281 282 282 289 Contents 49 Expressing certainty and uncertainty 49.1 Saying how certain one is of something 49.2 Enquiring about certainty or uncertainty 50 Expressing supposition 50.1 Common expressions of supposition 51 Expressing conditions 51.1 Open conditions 51.2 Unfulfilled conditions 51.3 Other conditional expressions 52 Expressing contrast or opposition 52.1 Common expressions of contrast or opposition 53 Expressing capability and incapability 53.1 Enquiring and making statements about capability or incapability 53.2 Enquiring and making statements about learned abilities 54 Seeking and giving permission 54.1 Seeking permission 54.2 Giving permission 54.3 Stating that permission is withheld 55 Asking and giving opinions 55.1 Asking someone's opinion 55.2 Expressing opinions 55.3 Enquiring about other people's opinions 55.4 Reporting on other people's opinions 56 Expressing agreement, disagreement and indifference 56.1 Expressing agreement 56.2 Expressing disagreement 56.3 Asking about agreement and disagreement 56.4 Expressing indifference IV Expressing emotional attitudes 57 Expressing desires and preferences 57.1 Expressing desires 57.2 Enquiring about desires 57.3 Expressing preferences and enquiring about preferences 57.4 Expressing desires and preferences involving others xiii 291 291 294 296 296 299 299 301 302 306 306 311 311 312 314 314 317 318 319 319 321 325 325 327 327 328 329 330 333 333 336 336 338 CONTENTS 58 Expressing likes and dislikes 58.1 How to say you like or dislike something or someone 58.2 Enquiring about likes and dislikes 58.3 Other ways of expressing likes and dislikes 340 340 342 343 59 Expressing surprise 346 59.1 Set expressions 346 59.2 Expressing surprise with regard to someone or something 347 60 Expressing satisfaction and dissatisfaction 60.1 Expressing satisfaction 60.2 Expressing dissatisfaction 60.3 Enquiring about satisfaction and dissatisfaction 61 Expressing approval and disapproval 61.1 Expressing approval 61.2 Expressing disapproval 61.3 Enquiring about approval and disapproval 62 Expressing hope 62.1 Saying what one hopes or others hope to do 62.2 Expressing hope with regard to others 62.3 Expressing hope in reply to a question or a statement 63 Expressing sympathy 63.1 Saying one is sorry about something 63.2 Saying one is glad about something 64 Apologizing and expressing forgiveness 64.1 Apologizing 64.2 Expressing forgiveness 65 Expressing fear or worry 65.1 Common expressions of fear 65.2 Other ways of expressing fear 66 Expressing gratitude 66.1 Expressing gratitude 66.2 Responding to an expression of gratitude V The language of persuasion 67 Giving advice and making suggestions 67.1 Giving advice and making suggestions not involving the speaker xiv 375 375 349 349 350 351 352 352 353 353 355 355 355 356 358 358 360 362 362 364 365 365 369 370 370 372 Contents 67.2 Suggesting a course of action involving the speaker 67.3 Asking for advice and suggestions 68 Making requests 68.1 Common expressions of request 69 Giving directions, instructions and orders 69.1 Giving directions 69.2 Giving instructions 69.3 Giving orders 70 Making an offer or invitation and accepting or declining 70.1 Making an offer or invitation 70.2 Accepting or declining an offer or invitation 70.3 Enquiring whether an invitation is accepted or declined VI Expressing temporal relations 71 Talking about the present 71.1 Describing present states or conditions 71.2 Giving information about facts which are generally true or true in the present 71.3 Referring to events which are in the present but not in progress 71.4 Expressing timeless ideas or emotions 71.5 Referring to events taking place in the present 71.6 Talking about permanent and habitual actions 71.7 Saying how long one has been doing something 71.8 Expressing possibility, probability or uncertainty with regard to something in the present 72 Talking about the future 72.1 Expressing plans and intentions 72.2 Referring to the immediate future 72.3 Referring to future events 72.4 Expressing promises 72.5 Expressing possibility, probability or uncertainty with regard to something in the future 73 Talking about the past 73.1 Referring to past events related to the present or the recent past 73.2 Referring to a prolonged action which began in the past and is still in progress 73.3 Referring to the immediate past xv 378 379 381 381 385 385 387 388 390 390 394 394 399 399 399 400 400 400 401 403 406 408 408 411 412 413 413 415 415 416 417 CONTENTS 73.4 Referring to events which are past and complete 73.5 Saying how long ago something happened 73.6 Talking about long-lasting past events 73.7 Talking about actions which were completed before another past event took place 73.8 Describing past states or actions in progress over an unspecified period of time 73.9 Talking about past habitual actions 73.10 Talking about actions which were taking place when something else happened 73.11 Describing past events which occurred before another past event or situation 73.12 Expressing possibility, probability or uncertainty with regard to something in the past Appendix: Table of common irregular verbs Bibliography Index of words and topics 418 419 419 420 420 421 422 423 423 426 432 433 xvi

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