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Measuring policy effectiveness in health and education

Corporate author: Asian Development Bank Publisher: Asian Development Bank, 2006.Language: EnglishDescription: 75 p. : Graphs ; 28 cm.Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical referencesContents Note: Reproduction of the special chapter of the year 2006 from Key indicators of Developing Asian and pacific Countries
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print HC500.4 .M43 2006
(Browse shelf)
001222169
Available 001222169
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references

Reproduction of the special chapter of the year 2006 from Key indicators of Developing Asian and pacific Countries

Digitized

Measuring Policy Effectiveness in Health and Education Contents Foreword.........................................................................................................................................................................................iii Acronyms........................................................................................................................................................................................ix INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND 1. Introduction................................................................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Inclusiveness and Human Development............................................................................................... 1 1.2 Why Focus on the Public Sector?.............................................................................................................. 3 2. Health and Education MDGs in Developing Asia.......................................................................................... 5 2.1 Primary Enrollment................................................................................................................................. 6 2.2 2.3 Child Mortality...........................................................................................................................................7 Persistent and Growing Socioeconomic Inequalities ................................................................. 8 3. Government Involvement in the Health and Education Sectors.......................................................... 10 3.1 Theoretical Rationale ............................................................................................................................. 10 3.2 Historical Overview.................................................................................................................................. 10 3.3 Current Situation..................................................................................................................................... 13 3.4 What Determines the Size of Public Spending in the Social Sector? ...................................15 3.5 Openness, Regional Integration, and Size of Government.............................................................. 20 CROSS-COUNTRY MACRO APPROACHES 4. Relating Social Outcomes to Public Expenditure Outlays .......................................................................21 4.1 Does Higher Public Expenditure Lead to Better Health and Education Outcomes?.................................................................................... 21 4.2 Problems of Making Inferences from Aggregate Cross-country Analyses................................. 23 5. Social Production Functions and Technical Efficiency............................................................................. 27 5.1 Estimating the Frontier..........................................................................................................................29 5.2 Examples from the Literature..............................................................................................................29 5.3 Limitations of Efficiency Analysis.......................................................................................................33 WITHIN-COUNTRY MICRO APPROACHES 6. A Focus on Inclusiveness: Measuring Inequalities in Outcomes............................................................37 6.1 Estimating MDG Outcomes for the Poor................................................................................................ 37 6.2 Highlighting Spatial Inequalities in MDGs..................................................................................... 42 7. Evaluating Public Expenditure for Inclusiveness: Composition and Benefit Incidence 43 7.1 Composition of Public Expenditure: Measuring "Pro-poor" Outlays.....................................43 7.2 7.3 Participation Incidence........................................................................................................................... 46 Benefit Incidence...................................................................................................................................... 47 7.4 Estimating Demand Functions from Household Data.....................................................................52 7.5 What Makes Some Governments More Pro-poor than Others?.................................................... 53 8. Learning About Effectiveness from Provision Surveys .............................................................................54 8.1 Public Worker Absenteeism in Health and Education...............................................................56 8.2 Measuring the Quality of Public Facilities and Human Resources.......................................56 8.3 8.4 Public Expenditure Tracking and Quantitative Service Delivery Surveys......................... 57 Surveys of Beneficiaries.........................................................................................................................57 9. Impact Evaluation: Measuring the Effectiveness of Specific Interventions.................................... 58 9.1 The Methodology of Impact Evaluation........................................................................................... 59 9.2 Evidence on What Works in Health and Education ........................................................................ 59 EVIDENCE-BASED POLICY MAKING 10. Identifying Problems and Looking for Solutions: Evidence-based Policy Making.........................................................................................................................63 10.1 Macro-level Diagnostics............................................................................................................................ 63 10.2 Micro-level Diagnostics..............................................................................................................................65 10.3 Evidence-based Corrective Policy Interventions.............................................................................. 67 10.4 Responsibility and Accountability of Policy Makers...................................................................... 67 11. Conclusions............................................................................................................................................................... 68 Bibliography and References .......................................................................................................................... 69

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