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Designing and conducting mixed methods research

Author: Creswell, John W. ; Plano Clark, Vicki L.Publisher: Sage, 2007.Language: EnglishDescription: 273 p. : Graphs ; 24 cm.ISBN: 1412927927Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print H62 .C73 2007
(Browse shelf)
001221146
Available 001221146
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references and index

Digitized

Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research Contents List of Tables List of Figures Preface Purpose of This Book Audience for the Book Book Features Acknowledgments Chapter 1. Understanding Mixed Methods Research Purpose and Organization Clarifying Terms What Is Mixed Methods Research? The Name Quantitative and Qualitative Data Mixing the Data Single or Multiple Studies The Central Premise of the Definition Studies That Fit Our Definition Studies in the Gray Areas The Importance of Mixed Methods Research A Brief History Formative Period Paradigm Debate Period Procedural Developments Recent Indicators of Interest SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Chapter 2. Examining Preliminary Considerations Consider Worldview Stances Different Worldviews or Paradigms xi xiii xv xv xvi xvi xvii 1 2 4 5 5 6 7 8 8 10 11 13 13 13 15 15 16 18 19 19 20 21 21 Worldviews and Mixed Methods Research Stance 1: There is one "best" paradigm or worldview that fits mixed methods research Stance 2: Researchers can use multiple paradigms or worldviews in their mixed methods study Stance 3: Worldviews relate to the type of mixed methods design and may vary depending on the type of design The Basics of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Research Problems Addressed by Mixed Methods A Need Exists for Both Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches A Need Exists to Enhance the Study With a Second Source of Data A Need Exists to Explain the Quantitative Results A Need Exists to First Explore Qualitatively SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Chapter 3. Locating and Reviewing Mixed Methods Studies Searching for and Reviewing Mixed Methods Studies Use Search Terms Are the Studies Mixed Methods Research? A Mixed Methods Notation System and Visual Diagrams Four Examples of Mixed Methods Studies Study A: Collecting Both Quantitative and Qualitative Data at the Same Time to Understand a Problem (Jenkins, 2001) Study B: Using Qualitative Data in an Experiment (Rogers, Day, Randall, and Bentall, 2003) Study C: Explaining Quantitative Results With Qualitative Data (Aldridge, Fraser, and Huang, 1999) Study D: Exploring Qualitatively to Develop a Quantitative Instrument (Myers and Oetzel, 2003) Similarities and Differences Among the Sample Studies SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Chapter 4. Choosing a Mixed Methods Design Classifications of Mixed Methods Designs The Four Major Types of Mixed Methods Designs The Triangulation Design Triangulation Design Procedures Variants of the Triangulation Design Strengths of the Triangulation Design Challenges in Using the Triangulation Design 26 26 27 27 28 31 32 33 34 34 35 35 36 38 39 39 39 40 41 44 45 48 50 54 56 57 57 58 59 59 62 62 64 66 66 The Embedded Design Embedded Design Procedures Variants of the Embedded Design Strengths of the Embedded Design Challenges in Using the Embedded Design The Explanatory Design Explanatory Design Procedures Variants of the Explanatory Design Strengths of the Explanatory Design Challenges in Using the Explanatory Design The Exploratory Design Exploratory Design Procedures Variants of the Exploratory Design Strengths of the Exploratory Design Challenges in Using the Exploratory Design Selecting a Type of Mixed Methods Design The Timing Decision The Weighting Decision The Mixing Decision Merging Data Sets Embedding Data at the Design Level Connecting From Data Analysis to Data Collection Implementing the Design Decisions Writing a Paragraph to Identify a Study's Design SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Chapter 5. Introducing a Mixed Methods Study Writing a Mixed Methods Title Qualitative and Quantitative Titles Mixed Methods Titles Stating the Problem in the Introduction Structure of a "Statement of the Problem" Section Integrate Mixed Methods Into the Statement of the Problem 67 67 69 70 70 71 72 72 74 74 75 77 77 78 78 79 81 81 83 83 83 83 84 86 86 87 88 89 90 90 91 94 94 95 The Purpose Statement 97 Qualitative and Quantitative Purpose Statements 97 Mixed Methods Purpose Statements 98 Research Questions and Hypotheses 103 Qualitative Questions and Quantitative Questions and Hypotheses 103 Mixed Methods Research Questions 105 SUMMARY 107 ACTIVITIES 108 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE 109 Chapter 6. Collecting Data in Mixed Methods Research Procedures in Qualitative and Quantitative Data Collection Sampling Procedures Permissions Needed Information to Be Collected Recording the Data Administering the Data Collection Data Collection in Mixed Methods Designs Concurrent Data Collection Issues Participant Selection The Sample Size Question When Contradictory Results Occur Introducing Potential Bias Through Data Collection Sequential Data Collection Issues Sampling the Same or Different Individuals Using the Same or Different Sample Sizes Selecting Results for the Follow-Up Designing an Instrument SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Chapter 7. Analyzing Data in Mixed Methods Research Procedures in Quantitative and Qualitative Data Analysis Preparing the Data for Analysis Exploring the Data Analyzing the Data Representing the Data Analysis Validating the Data Data Analysis Within Mixed Methods Designs Concurrent Data Analysis Data Transformation Comparisons Through a Matrix or Discussion Sequential Data Analysis When Quantitative Data Are Collected First When Qualitative Data Are Collected First Validate the Data Within a Mixed Methods Design SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 116 117 119 119 120 120 121 122 123 123 123 125 127 127 128 128 130 130 131 132 133 135 136 137 140 142 144 145 145 148 149 149 Chapter 8. Wilting and Evaluating Mixed Methods Research General Guidelines for Writing Organize the Structure of the Writing So That It Relates to the Designs Structure of a Proposal for a Dissertation or Thesis Structure of the Project Narrative for a National Institutes of Health Proposal Structure of a Mixed Methods Journal Article Evaluating a Mixed Methods Study Within Designs Quantitative and Qualitative Standards Mixed Methods Standards SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Chapter 9. Questions Often Raised About Mixed Methods Research Anticipate Mixed Methods Questions What Is Mixed Methods Research? It Is Not Just Qualitative Research It Is Not Mixed Model Research It Is Not a Method That Researchers Have Always Used It Is an Approach That Can Be Learned Published Journal Articles Methodological Literature Syntheses of Mixed Methods Studies It Has a Philosophical or Worldview Foundation Is Mixed Methods Research Accepted? Several Factors Have Sparked Interest If It Is Rigorous, Graduate Faculty Will Support It Funding Agencies Support Mixed Methods Research Journals Will Publish It Acceptance Is Extending to Different Disciplines and Across Cultures Is Mixed Methods Research Realistic? Researchers Need Specific Skills It Requires Time and Resources SUMMARY ACTIVMES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Chapter 10. Future Directions for Mixed Methods Research Needed Developments in Mixed Methods Research Mixed Methods Designs and Associated Procedural Issues 151 152 153 154 157 159 162 163 163 165 165 166 167 168 168 168 169 169 170 170 170 172 173 174 175 175 176 177 178 180 180 181 182 183 183 184 185 185 Mixed Methods Designs and Different Worldviews Applications of Mixed Methods Research Implications and the Value of Using Mixed Methods SUMMARY ACTIVITIES ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO EXAMINE Appendix A. A Triangulation Design Appendix B. An Embedded Design Appendix C. An Explanatory Design Appendix D. An Exploratory Design References Index About the Authors 189 190 191 192 193 193 194 204 216 239 256 266 274

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