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The Neuropsychology of anxiety: an enquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system

Author: Gray, Jeffrey A. ; McNaughton, Neil Series: Oxford psychology ; 33 Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP) 2003.Edition: 2nd ed.Language: EnglishDescription: 424 p. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0198522711Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print QP360 .G73 2003
(Browse shelf)
Available 001221096
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Includes bibliographical references and index


The Neuropsychology of Anxiety An Enquiry into the Functions of the Septo-Hippocampal System Contents 1 OVERVIEW Starting points for the neuropsychology of anxiety Fear versus anxiety The hierarchical defence system The amygdala The septo-hippocampal system What is the septo-hippocampal system? What does the septo-hippocampal system do? A common computational core for septo-hippocampal function--Mark 1 A common computational core for septo-hippocampal function--Mark 2 The role of other brain regions Conclusion 2 ETHOLOGY AND ANXIETY Ethoexperimental analysis Ethopharmacological analysis The ethology and ethopharmacology of anxiety and fear Some terminological problems 3 LEARNING THEORY AND ANXIETY Two-process theories of learning Elicited reactions in learning experiments The behavioural inhibition system revisited Conclusions 4 THE ANXIOLYTIC DRUGS What are the anxiolytic drugs? Clinical usage The classical anxiolytics Buspirone, ipsapirone Clomipramine and obsessive--compulsive disorder Beta-blockers Clinical actions of the anxiolytics--a summary Bridging the species gap The behavioural effects of anxiolytic drugs in animals Anxiolytic action--some conclusions 1 2 5 6 8 9 14 15 18 22 29 36 37 38 41 42 43 47 47 51 52 57 58 58 59 62 65 67 68 68 70 72 79 xvi Contents 5 A THEORY OF THE BEHAVIOURAL INHIBITION SYSTEM Evolution, anxiety, and rules of thumb--the search for the behavioural inhibition system Behavioural inhibition and rules of thumb 6 THE NEUROLOGY OF ANXIETY The periaqueductal grey, fight, flight, and freezing The medial hypothalamus and escape The amygdala The defence system--integration Interim conclusions Comparison between the septal, hippocampal, and anxiolytic syndromes The effects of lesions of the noradrenergic and serotonergic systems The cholinergic system The prefrontal cortex and cingulate cortex The prefrontal cortex The cingulate cortex Overview of prefrontal and cingulate cortex Prefrontal and cingulate cortex and anxiety Conclusions 7 HIPPOCAMPAL PLACE FIELDS Single-unit responses: non-spatial tasks Single-unit responses: correlations with spatial position The relation between spatial fields and head direction fields Space, discrimination, classical conditioning, and habituation Path integration Topographic mapping of single cell fields Conclusion 8 MEMORY AND THE SEPTO-HIPPOCAMPAL SYSTEM Human versus animal amnesia The hippocampus as the crucial site for amnesic deficits Types of memory The effects of delay The role of context A preliminary theory of hippocampal amnesia Relational memory Configural memory Semantic encoding Recognition memory Working memory Temporal buffer 83 87 91 94 99 99 100 110 113 114 118 122 122 125 130 131 135 138 140 141 143 149 152 153 155 157 158 159 161 163 165 169 174 176 178 180 182 184 187 Contents xvii Spatial memory Interference: some initial comments The role of the hippocampal formation in memory 9 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE SEPTO-HIPPOCAMPAL SYSTEM Anxiolytics and the septo-hippocampal system--an overview The defence system The motor/working memory system The 'emotion' system General approach to the septo-hippocampal system The anatomy of the septo-hippocampal system Long-term memory Role of the septo-hippocampal system in sensory processing The mismatch detection system Aminergic gating systems Theta activity Conclusion 10 A THEORY OF THE SEPTO-HIPPOCAMPAL SYSTEM The theory: some basic assumptions The theory: architecture The theory: mechanism Some scenarios The theta rhythm Conclusion 11 SYMPTOMS AND SYNDROMES OF ANXIETY Cognitive effects of anxiolytic drugs Anxiolytic action and the amygdala Humpty Dumpty had a great fall Anxiolytic action and the neocorte The clinical psychology of anxiety Behavioural aspects of anxiety syndromes Cognitive aspects of anxiety syndromes Physiological aspects of anxiety syndromes The theory of anxiety Clinical anxiety and memory A functional typology for defence Panic disorder Specific phobia Post-traumatic stress disorder Agoraphobia Social phobia 191 193 202 204 205 209 213 215 218 218 222 224 225 229 231 232 233 235 241 247 253 269 272 275 279 281 282 284 285 287 289 290 290 293 294 297 303 314 319 320 xviii Contents Generalized anxiety disorder Obsessive--compulsive disorder A typology of the anxiety-related disorders Differential diagnosis Conclusion 12 PUTTING HUMPTY DUMPTY TOGETHER AGAIN: THE ANXIOUS PERSONALITY AND ITS INHERITANCE The anxious personality Neuroticism vs. trait anxiety The genetics of neuroticism and emotionality 13 THE TREATMENT OF ANXIETY Behaviour therapy Drug therapy Cognitive-behavioural therapy Coda REFERENCES INDEX 322 324 327 329 331 333 333 335 342 350 350 354 357 364 368 419 APPENDICES The appendices are located on the internet at Appendix 1: The behavioural profile of anxiolytic drugs Appendix 2: The periaqueductal grey, medial hypothalamus, and amygdala Appendix 3: The prefrontal cortex and cingulate cortex Appendix 4: Anatomy of the septo-hippocampal system Appendix 5: Electrophysiology and pharmacology of the septo-hippocampal system Appendix 6: Electrical activity of the septo-hippocampal system and behaviour Appendix 7: Electrical stimulation of the septo-hippocampal system, behaviour, and sleep Appendix 8: Behavioural effects of large septo-hippocampal lesions Appendix 9: Dissecting the septo-hippocampal syndrome Appendix 10: Ascending modulatory systems

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