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Education at a glance: OECD indicators

Publisher: OECD, 2006.Language: EnglishDescription: 449 p. : Graphs ; 27 cm.ISBN: 9264025316Type of document: Book Online Access: Click here Note: The most recent edition is online at OECD Statistics http://www.insead.edu/library/E_resources/ER_alpha.cfm#OECDBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references
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The most recent edition is online at OECD Statistics http://www.insead.edu/library/E_resources/ER_alpha.cfm#OECD

Includes bibliographical references

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Education at a Glance OECD Indicators 2006 Table of Contents Name of the indicator in the 2005 edition Foreword......................................................................................................................................... 3 Editorial....................................................................................................................................... 13 Introduction................................................................................................................................ 19 Reader's Guide........................................................................................................................... 23 CHAPTER A THE OUTPUT OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE IMPACT OF LEARNING............................................................ 27 Indicator Al Educational attainment of the adult population................................. 28 Al Table Al.1a Educational attainment: adult population (2004).................................... 37 Table Al .2a Population that has attained at least upper secondary education (2004)..................................................................................... 38 Table A1.3a Population that has attained tertiary education (2004)........................... 39 Table A1.4 Distribution of population aged 35-to-64 with tertiary type 5A/6 qualifications by country (2004 and projected to 2014)........................ 40 Table A1.5 Educational attainment expressed in average number of years in formal education (2004)..................................................................... 41 Indicator A2 Current upper secondary graduation rates.................................... 42 A2 Table A2.1 Upper secondary graduation rates (2004)................................................. 48 Table A2.2 Post-secondary non-tertiary graduation rates (2004)............................... 49 Indicator A3 Current tertiary graduation and survival rates................................... 50 A3 Table A3.1 Tertiary graduation rates (2000, 2004)..................................................... 58 Table A3.2 Survival rates in tertiary education (2004)............................................... 59 Indicator A4 What 15-year-olds can do in mathematics........................................... 60 A4 Table A4.1 Percentage of students at each level of proficiency on the OECD PISA mathematics scale (2003)...................................... 70 Table A4.2 Mean student performance and variation on different aspects of the OECD PISA mathematics scale (2003)....................................... 71 Table A4.3 Mean score and variation in student performance on the OECD PISA mathematics scale (2003)...................................... 72 Indicator A5 Between- and within-school variation in the mathematics performance of 15-year-olds..........................................................74 A6 Table A5.1 Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the OECD PISA mathematics scale (2003)................................................. 80 Indicator A6 Fifteen-year-old students who perform at the lowest levels of proficiency in mathematics (2003)............................................. 82 Table A6.1 Odds ratios of the likelihood of students with the lowest socio-economic status to be lowest mathematics performers relative to the likelihood of students with the highest socio-economic status to be lowest mathematics peformers (2003).................................................................................... 91 Name of the indicator in the 2005 edition Table A6.2 Reading performance of lowest mathematics performers (2003)................................................................................... 92 Table A6.3 Mathematics performance of lowest reading performers (2003)................................................................................... 93 Indicator A7 Institutional differentiation, socio-economic status and 15-yearold students' mathematics performance (2003).................................... 94 Table A7.1 Institutional differentiation, variance in mathematics performance, and economic, social and cultural status (ESCS), (2003)....................................................... 102 Indicator A8 Labour force participation by level of educational attainment............................................................... 104 A8 Table A8.1a Employment rates and educational attainment, by gender (2004)...................................................................................112 Table A8.2a Unemployment rates and educational attainment, by gender (2004)...................................................................................114 Table A8.3a Trends in employment rates, by educational attainment (1991-2004)... 116 Table A8.4a Trends in unemployment rates, by educational attainment (1991-2004)118 Indicator A9 The returns to education: education and earnings...................... 120 Table A9.1a Relative earnings of the population with income from employment (2004 or latest available year)......................................... 135 Table A9.1b Differences in earnings between females and males (2004 or latest available year).............................................................. 137 Table A9.2a Trends in relative earnings: adult population (1997-2004)................... 138 Table A9.3 Trends in differences in earnings between females and males (1997-2004).......................................................................................... 139 Table A9.4a Distribution of the 25-to-64-year-old population, by level of earnings and educational attainment (2004 or latest available year).............................................................. 141 Table A9.4b Distribution of the 25-to-64-year-old males by level of earnings and educational attainment (2004 or latest available year).................. 144 Table A9.4c Distribution of the 25-to-64-year-old females by level of earnings and educational attainment (2004 or latest available year)......................... 147 Table A9.5 Private internal rates of return for an individual obtaining an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, ISCED 3/4 (2003) 150 Table A9.6 Private internal rates of return for an individual obtaining a university-level degree, ISCED 5/6 (2003)....................................... 150 Table A9.7 Public internal rates of return for an individual obtaining an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, ISCED 3/4 (2003)....................................................................................................151 Table A9.8 Public internal rates of return for an individual obtaining a university-level degree, ISCED 5/6 (2003)....................................... 151 A9 Name of the indicator in the 2005 edition Indicator A10 The returns to education: links between education, economic growth and social outcomes..................................... 152 Indicator All Impact of demographic trends on education provision............... 160 A10 Table A 11.1 Demographic trends between 2005 and 2015 and indicative impact on educational expenditure, student enrolments and graduate numbers.........................................................................166 CHAPTER B FINANCIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES INVESTED IN EDUCATION........................................................................................... 167 Indicator B1 Educational expenditure per student................................................. 170 B1 Table Bl.la Annual expenditure on educational institutions per student for all services (2003)......................................................................... 186 Table B1.1b Annual expenditure on educational institutions per student for all services, by type of programme (2003)................................... 187 Table B1.1c Annual expenditure per student on core services, ancillary services and RandD (2003).................................................... 188 Table B1.2 Distribution of expenditure (as a percentage) on educational institutions compared to number of students enrolled at each level of education (2003)........................................................189 Table B1.3a Cumulative expenditure on educational institutions per student over the theoretical duration of primary and secondary studies (2003).................................................................... 190 Table B1.3b Cumulative expenditure on educational institutions per student over the average duration of tertiary studies (2003)........................................ 191 Table B 1.4 Annual expenditure on educational institutions per student for all services relative to GDP per capita (2003).............................. 192 Table B1.5 Change in expenditure on educational institutions for all services per student relative to different factors, by level of education (1995, 2003) 193 Indicator B2 Expenditure on educational institutions relative B2 to Gross Domestic Product........................................................ 194 Table B2.1a Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, for all levels of education (1995, 2000, 2003)....................................205 Table B2.1b Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by level of education (1995, 2000, 2003)...........................................206 Table B2.1c Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by level of education (2003)...............................................................207 Table B2.2 Change in expenditure on educational institutions (1995, 2003)........................................................................................208 Table B2.3 Change in expenditure on educational institutions (1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003)..........................................................209 Indicator B3 Public and private investment in educational institutions....... 210 B3 Table B3.1 Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions for all levels of education (1995, 2003)........................................................................................218 Name of the indicator in the 2005 edition Table B3.2a Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions, as a percentage, by level of education (1995, 2003)......219 Table B3.2b Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions, as a percentage, for tertiary education (1995, 2003)..... 220 Table B3.3 Trends in relative proportions of public expenditure on educational institutions, for tertiary education (1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003)......................................................... 221 Indicator B4 Total public expenditure on education........................................ 222 Table B4.1 Total public expenditure on education (1995, 2003)............................228 Table B4.2 Distribution of total public expenditure on education (2003).............. 229 Indicator B5 Tuition fees charged by tertiary institutions and support for students and households through public subsidies........... 230 Table B5.1 Estimated annual average tuition fees charged by tertiary-type A educational institutions (school year 2003-2004)..............................240 Table B5.2 Public subsidies for households and other private entities as a percentage of total public expenditure on education and GDP, for tertiary education (2003)..............................................................242 Indicator B6 Expenditure in institutions by service category and by resource category...................................................................244 Table B6.1 Expenditure on institutions by service category as a percentage of GDP (2003)..........................................................252 Table B6.2 Expenditure on educational institutions by resource category and level of education (2003)............................................................ 253 CHAPTER C ACCESS TO EDUCATION, PARTICIPATION AND PROGRESSION255 Indicator C I Enrolment in education from primary education to adult life................................................................................. 256 Table C1.1 Education expectancy (2004).................................................................265 Table C1.2 Enrolment rates, by age (2004).............................................................. 266 Table C1.3 Transition characteristics from age 15 to 20, by level of education (2004).............................................................. 267 Indicator C2 Participation in secondary and tertiary education..................... 268 B4 B5 B6 CI Table C2.1 Entry rates into tertiary education and age distribution of new entrants (2004)....................................................................... 277 Table C2.2 Expected years in tertiary education and changes in tertiary enrolment (2004)...............................................................278 Table C2.3 Students in tertiary education by type of institution or mode of study (2004).....................................................................279 Table C2.4 Students in primary and secondary education by type of institution or mode of study (2004)................................................... 280 Table C2.5 Upper secondary enrolment patterns (2004)..........................................281 C2 Name of the indicator in the 2005 edition Indicator C3 Student mobility and foreign students in tertiary education.................................................................................... 282 C3 Table C3.1 Student mobility and foreign students in tertiary education (2000, 2004)........................................................................................303 Table C3.2 Distribution of international and foreign students in tertiary education, by country of origin (2004)............................................... 304 Table C3.3 Citizens studying abroad in tertiary education, by country of destination (2004).........................................................308 Table C3.4 Distribution of international and foreign students in tertiary education, by level and type of tertiary education (2004).........................................310 Table C3.5 Distribution of international and foreign students in tertiary education, by field of education (2004).................................................................... 311 Table C3.6 Trends in the number of foreign students enrolled outside their country of origin (2000 to 2004)................................................ 312 Table C 3.7 Percentage of tertiary qualifications awarded to international and foreign students, by type of tertiary education (2004).................313 Indicator C4 Education and work status of the youth population..................... 314 C4 Table C4.1a Expected years in education and not in education for 15-to-29-year-olds (2004)............................................................. 323 Table C4.2a Percentage of the youth population in education and not in education (2004)................................................................ 325 Table C4.3 Percentage of the cohort population not in education and unemployed (2004)...................................................................... 327 Table C4.4a Trends in the percentage of the youth population in education and not in education (1995-2004).................................. 329 Indicator C5 Participation in adult learning...............................................................334 C6 Table C5.1a Participation rate and expected number of hours in non-formal job-related education and training, by level of educational attainment (2003).... 341 Table C5.1b Expected number of hours in non-formal job-related education and training, by age group and labour force status (2003)........................343 Table C5.1c Expected number of hours in non-formal job-related education and training, by level of educational attainment (2003)............................345 CHAPTER D THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT AND ORGANISATION OF SCHOOLS.............................................................................................. 347 Indicator Dl Total intended instruction time for students in primary and secondary education.......................................................................348 Table D1.1 Compulsory and intended instruction time in public institutions (2004)................................................................356 Table D1.2a Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction time for 9-to-11-year-olds (2004).................357 Table D1.2b Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction time for 12-to-14-year-olds (2004)...............358 D1 Name of the indicator in the 2005 edition Indicator D2 Class size and ratio of students to teaching staff...................... 360 D2 Table D2.1 Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2004)............................................................................370 Table D2.2 Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2004)..............................................................................371 Table D2.3 Ratio of students to teaching staff by type of institution (2004)........... 372 Indicator D3 Teachers' salaries............................................................................374 D3 Table D3.1 Teachers' salaries (2004)....................................................................... 384 Table D3.2a Adjustments to base salary for teachers in public institutions (2004)...............................................................386 Table D3.2b Adjustments to base salary for teachers in public institutions made by school principal (2004)....................................................... 388 Table D3.2c Adjustments to base salary for teachers in public institutions made by local or regional authority (2004)....................................... 390 Table D3.2d Adjustments to base salary for teachers in public institutions made by the national authority (2004)...............................................392 Table D3.3 Change in teachers' salaries (1996 and 2004)....................................... 394 Indicator D4 Teaching time and teachers' working time................................. 396 D4 Table D4.1 Organisation of teachers' working time (2004)..................................... 405 Indicator D5 Access to and use of ICT................................................................ 406 Table D5.1 Various ICT resources in secondary schools and percentage of various types of computers in schools (2003)...............................414 Table D5.2 Percentage of students in secondary schools whose principals report that instruction is hindered by a shortage of ICT resources (2003).....................................................................415 Table D5.3 Percentage of 15-year-old students using computers at home, school or other places, by frequency of use (2003)...........................417 ANNEX 1 Characteristics of Educational Systems......................................... 419 Table Xl.la Typical graduation ages in upper secondary education.......................... 420 Table Xl.lb Typical graduation ages in post-secondary non-tertiary education............................................................................................421 Table X1.1c Typical graduation ages in tertiary education....................................... 422 Table X1.2a School year and financial year used for the calculation of indicators....................................................................................... 423 Table X1.2b School year and financial year used for the calculation of indicators....................................................................................... 424 Table X1.3 Summary of completion requirements for upper secondary (ISCED 3) programmes....................................425 ANNEX 2 Reference Statistics.......................................................................... 429 Table X2.1 Overview of the economic context using basic variables (reference period: calendar year 2003, 2003 current prices).............430 Table X2.2 Basic reference statistics (reference period: calendar year 2003, 2003 current prices).............431 Name of the indicator in the 2005 edition Table X2.3 Basic reference statistics (reference period: calendar year 1995, 1995 current prices)............432 Table X2.4 Annual expenditure on educational institutions per student for all services (2003)....................................................................... 433 Table X2.5 Annual expenditure on educational institutions per student for all services (2003)....................................................................... 434 Table X2.6a Reference statistics used in the calculation of teachers' salaries, by level of education (1996, 2004)...................... 435 Table X2.6b Reference statistics used in the calculation of teachers' salaries (1996, 2003)...................................................................................... 437 Table X2.6c Teachers' salaries (2004).....................................................................438 ANNEX 3 (Sources, Methods and Technical Notes)..............................................441 References..................................................................................................................443 Contributors to this Publication..............................................................................445 Related OECD Publications.....................................................................................449

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