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An introduction to models in the social sciences

Author: Lave, Charles ; March, James G.Publisher: University Press of America (UPA) 1975.Language: EnglishDescription: 417 p. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0060438614Type of document: BookNote: Doriot: for 2019-2020 coursesBibliography/Index: Includes index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Asia Campus
Archives
Print H61 .L38 1975
(Browse shelf)
900219698
Available 900219698
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print H61 .L38 1975
(Browse shelf)
001210651
Available 001210651
Total holds: 0

Doriot: for 2019-2020 courses

Includes index

Digitized

An Introduction to Models in the Social Sciences Contents PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS vii ix CHAPTER ONE WHAT WE ARE UP TO 1 CHAPTER TWO AN INTRODUCTION TO SPECULATION 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Contact and Friendship 2.3 Rocks, Lakes, and Rivers 2.3.1 A Model of the Model-Building Process 2.4 Responsibility Corrupts 2.5 The Case of the Dumb Question 2.6 The Case of the Smart Women 2.7 On Becoming a Social Scientist 2.8 The Politics of Population 2.9 Three Rules of Thumb for Model Building 9 10 10 17 19 21 25 26 29 34 40 CHAPTER THREE THE EVALUATION OF SPECULATIONS 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Truth 3.2.1 Circular Models 3.2.2 Critical Experiments 3.2.3 The Importance of Being Wrong 51 52 52 56 58 60 3.3 Beauty 3.3.1 Simplicity 3.3.2 Fertility 3.3.3 Surprise 3.4 Justice 3.5 The Search 61 61 64 67 73 78 CHAPTER FOUR CHOICE 4.1 Introduction 4.2 A Model of Individual Decision Making 4.2.1 Probability 4.2.2 Expected Value 4.2.3 Decision Trees 4.2.4 Expected Value and Probability (Round II) 4.3 Explorations of Decision Trees 4.3.1 Decision Making Under Risk 4.3.2 The Value of Information 4.3.3 The Value of Control 4.3.4 The Value of Insurance (Optional) 4.4 Maximization of Expected Utility 4.5 Trees Without Numbers 4.5.1 Traffic Routes as Choices 4.5.2 College as a Choice 4.6 Alternative Decision Rules (Optional) CHAPTER FIVE EXCHANGE 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Internal Exchange 5.2.1 Utility (Again) 5.2.2 Indifference Curves 5.2.3 Consumption Possibility Line 5.2.4 Maximization of Utility 5.2.5 Effect of Price Changes 5.2.6 Effect of Budget Changes 5.2.7 Summary of Utility Maximization Graphs 5.3 Explorations of Indifference Curves 5.3.1 Trade-offs 5.3.2 The Squeaky Wheel Theory of Value 5.3.3 Men and Women 85 86 89 90 92 94 102 108 109 113 116 118 123 126 126 128 137 157 158 159 160 162 166 167 168 173 173 174 174 180 187 5.4 A Formal Model of Internal Exchange 5.4.1 How to Draw Indifference Curves 5.5 External Exchange 5.5.1 The Edgeworth Box (Optional) 5.5.2 Supply/Demand Analysis (Optional) 5.5.3 Derivation of Supply and Demand Curves (Optional) 197 201 203 203 209 229 CHAPTER SIX ADAPTATION 6.1 Introduction 6.2 The Basic Model 6.3 The Adaptation Equations 6.3.1 Adaptation Equations in a T-Maze 6.3.2 Expected Probability 6.3.3 The Meaning of Probabilities in Adaptation Models 6.3.4 The Significance of a and b 6.4 How the Model Works 6.4.1 The Effect of Reward Schedules 6.4.2 Learning Limits (Optional) 6.4.3 Explorations of T-Mazes 6.5 Superstitious Learning 6.5.1 Benign Worlds 6.5.2 Malevolent Worlds 6.5.3 Learning Limits (Optional) 6.5.4 Explorations of Superstition 6.6 Mutual Learning (Optional) 6.6.1 Mating 6.6.2 Hunting CHAPTER SEVEN DIFFUSION 7.1 Introduction 7.2 A Set of Basic Assumptions 7.3 Intergenerational Diffusion 7.4 Some Models 7.4.1 The Idea of Rate of Change 7.4.2 A Model of Information Explosion 7.4.3 A Birth Process with Limits 7.4.4 A Broadcast Process 7.5 Explorations of Social Diseases 247 248 249 255 258 263 268 269 274 276 281 282 294 294 297 299 300 305 307 318 341 342 343 351 360 361 364 371 375 378 7.5.1 Diffusion as Individual Choice and Adaptation 7.6 Diffusion in a Social Structure 7.6.1 The Elements of Social Structure 7.6.2 Relevant Group Model 7.6.3 Separate Group Model 7.6.4 Semipermeable Groups (Optional) INDEX 383 385 386 388 389 392 419

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