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Japan in the 21st century: environment, economy and society

Author: Karan, Pradyumna P. Publisher: University Press of Kentucky, 2005.Language: EnglishDescription: 401 p. : Graphs/Ill./Maps/Photos ; 25 cm.ISBN: 0813191181Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print HC500.42 .J3 K37 2005
(Browse shelf)
001188402
Available 001188402
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references and index

Digitized

Japan in the 21st Century Environment, Economy, and Society Contents List of Maps and Figures ix Preface and Acknowledgments xi Note on Numerical Conversions xii 1 Japan at the Crossroads: Grappling with Changes 1 2 Environmental Challenges and Constraints 9 The Physical Setting of Japan 9 Geologic Structure 10 Landforms 12 Rivers and Lakes: Drainage Patterns 18 Climates and Seasons 18 Vegetation Cover 22 Natural Resources 26 Natural Hazards 33 Alteration of Landforms by Human Activities 46 3 The Cultural Heritage 50 The Pottery People (Jomon Culture) 50 Yayoi Culture 52 The Evolution of the Yamato Cultural Core 52 The Nara and Heian Periods 53 The Shogun, Daimyo, and Samurai Cultures, 1185-1868 54 Japan's Emergence as a Great Power, 1868-1914 61 The Triumph of Fascism and World War II 63 Postwar Reform, Reconstruction, and Emergence as an Economic Superpower 69 Cultural Heritage in the Twenty-first Century 69 Religion 70 4 Japanese Landscapes 77 Primary Characteristics of the Japanese Landscape 84 Secondary Characteristics of the Landscape 95 5 Regional Reality 109 East and West, Center and Periphery, Omote-Nihon and Ura-Nihon 109 Hokkaido 111 Tohoku 116 Kanto 121 Chubu 126 Kinki 137 Chugoku 148 Shikoku 151 Kyushu 154 Okinawa and the Nansei (Ryukyu) Islands 159 6 Demographic and Social Challenges 164 Falling Birthrates 167 Aging Society 169 Care of the Elderly 174 Population Distribution and Migration Patterns 177 Literacy, Education, and Civility 181 Minority Groups in Japan 184 Overseas Migration of Japanese 187 Foreign Workers in Japan 190 The Status of Women 194 Social Welfare and the Homeless 198 The Gap between Rich and Poor 202 7 Rural Landscape, Settlements, and Agriculture 204 The Rural Landscape 204 Rural Settlements 206 Land Use and Recent Changes in Agriculture 208 Declining Rice Farming and Increasing Diversity of the Rural Economy 220 Subsidies and the Future of Japanese Agriculture 226 Urban Agriculture in Japan 227 Land Reclamation for Agriculture 232 Maintaining the Vitality of Rural Communities 234 8 Urban Settlements 236 Early Historic Cities: Nara, Heiankyo (Kyoto), and Kamakura 237 Origins and Development of Cities in Feudal Japan 239 City Growth in the Modern Period (1868-2000) 243 The Japanese Megalopolis 248 Urban Development and Historical Preservation in the Megalopolis 261 The Structure of the Tokyo Metropolitan Region 262 The Urban Development Challenge 276 Moving Japan's Capital 281 9 The Political Challenge 284 The Political Culture 284 The Current Political System 286 Political Changes in 1993: Causes and Consequences 292 The National Flag and the Anthem: Symbols to Unite That Divide 298 Japan's Defense Policy 299 Territorial Disputes with Russia, China, and Korea 299 Japan, Asia, and the United States: Geopolitical Aspects 304 American Military Bases in Japan 305 Japan and Russia 310 Japan and Latin America 311 10 The Economic Challenge 312 Japan's Foreign Direct Investment 313 Japan's Economy, 1990-2004 315 Accounting Practices and Economic Woes: Japan's Bank Crisis 317 Essentials for Future Economic Performance 318 The Challenge of Structural Reform 321 11 Development and Restructuring of Industry 323 From Zaibatsu to Keiretsu 325 Japanese Manufacturing Strategy 326 Industrial Regions 326 Industrial Restructuring in Japan 335 12 Postindustrial Japan 342 The Development of Technology in Japan 342 The Growth of the Semiconductor Industry 344 The Location of High-Technology Industries 345 Biotechnology Industries 348 The Information Technology (IT) Industry 350 The Internet Economy 352 Science Cities and the Technopolis 355 Future Prospects 357 13 The Challenge of Environmental Preservation 359 Toxic Wastes 362 Grassroots Environmental Movements in Japan 364 14 Facing the Challenges 376 Three Major Transitions 376 Social Reforms for Sustainable Development 377 The Aging Society and the Falling Birthrate 379 The Future of the Countryside 382 The High-Technology Road 382 The Changing Lifestyles of the Young 383 Further Readings 387 Index 393

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