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The Development of prosocial behavior

Author: Eisenberg, Nancy Series: Developmental psychology Publisher: Academic Press, 1982.Language: EnglishDescription: 403 p. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0122349806Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print BF713 .E57 1982
(Browse shelf)
Available 001175433
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Includes bibliographical references and index


The Development of Prosocial Behavior Contents Contributors Preface xi xiii 1 Introduction NANCY EISENBERG 1 3 6 9 11 12 15 17 19 Definition of Terms General Conceptual and Theoretical Issues in the Study of Prosocial and Altruistic Behavior The Early Development and Socialization of Prosocial Behavior The Role of Cognition The Role of Affect The Relationship between Prosocial Behavior and Moral Reasoning Methodological Issues References I CONCEPTUAL ISSUES 2 The Generality of Altruism in Children BILL UNDERWOOD and BERT S. MOORE 25 Definitions and Operationalization of Prosocial Behavior Age Trends 26 27 v vi The Generality of Prosocial Behavior Influences on Prosocial Behavior Suggestions for Future Research Conclusions References Contents 29 39 44 45 49 3 Altruism--A Rational Approach DENNIS KREBS 53 The Influence of Empiricism in the Study of Altruism Toward Theoretical Clarification of the Phenomenon of Altruism Traditional Approaches to the Investigation of Evaluative Ideas Values and Value Judgments Some Departures from Empiricism A Rational Approach to the Investigation of Evaluative Ideas Structural Analysis: An Example Moral Development and Altruism References 54 56 58 61 63 65 68 73 75 4 Social Learning Theory and the Development of Prosocial Behavior J. PHILIPPE RUSHTON 77 Introduction The Phenomena to Be Explained The Social Learning of Prosocial Behavior and Moral Judgment Accounting for Phenomena and the Challenging Issues That Remain References 77 77 86 96 102 II EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND SOCIALIZATION MECHANISMS 5 The Development of Altruism: Alternative Research Strategies CAROLYN ZAHN-WAXLER and MARIAN RADKE-YARROW 109 The Development of Prosocial Behaviors: Alternative Research Strategies Research Methods 109 114 Contents Early Forms of Altruism: Research Findings and Interpretations Prosocial Behaviors: New Directions for Research References vii 118 132 136 6 The Socialization of Altruism JOAN E. GRUSEC 139 141 162 164 The Training of Altruism Conclusion References 7 Response Consequences and Attributions: Two Contributors to Prosocial Behavior DONNA M. GELFAND and DONALD P. HARTMANN 167 168 169 172 176 178 181 183 184 185 186 190 192 Definitions of Altruism Control by Positive Consequences Control by Aversive Consequences Causal Attributions regarding Prosocial Acts Attributional Errors Actors' and Observers' Causal Attributions A Motivational Interpretation Developmental Trends in Causal Attributions Replicatable Developmental Findings in Causal Attributions Basis of Developmental Trends in Causal Attributions Causal Perceptions and Prosocial Behavior References Ill THE ROLE OF COGNITION 8 A Cognitive-Learning Model of Helping Behavior Development: Possible Implications and Applications DANIEL BAR-TAL and AMIRAM RAVIV 199 199 200 202 208 Introduction Cognitive Learning Model for the Development of Helping Behavior Empirical Evidence Impl ications viii Applications References Contents 211 215 9 The Development of Reasoning regarding Prosocial Behavior NANCY EISENBERG 219 220 221 224 237 241 242 246 Research Approaches The Development of Concepts of Kindness The Development of Reasoning about Actual and Hypothetical Prosocial Moral Dilemmas The Relationship of Prosocial Moral Reasoning to Prosocial Behavior The Role of Situational Variation in Prosocial Moral Reasoning Implications References 10 Settings, Scripts, and Self-Schemata: A Cognitive Analysis of the Development of Prosocial Behavior RACHEL KARNIOL 251 253 255 262 267 271 272 273 274 Need Awareness Need Awareness and Information Processing Vicarious Arousal in Helping Contexts Deciding to Help Priming of Self-Schemata Helping Scripts in Children Conclusions References IV THE ROLE OF AFFECT 11 Development of Prosocial Motivation: Empathy and Guilt MARTIN L. HOFFMAN 281 282 290 295 297 Development of Empathic and Sympathetic Distress Empathy as Motive Other Affective Responses to Victims Guilt Contents The Role of Socialization Concluding Remarks References ix 305 309 311 12 Sex Differences in Empathy and Social Behavior in Children NORMA DEITCH FESHBACH 315 315 316 317 319 321 321 327 331 333 335 337 Introduction The Feshbach and Roe Affective Situation Test for Empathy The Empathy Training Study The Three-Component Model of Empathy The Emotional Report Study A Trio of Empathy-Related Measures Sex Differences in Empathy and Its Correlates Sex Differences and the Roots of Empathy Empathy Training and Prosocial Behavior Some Concluding Comments References 13 Effects of Mood on Prosocial Behavior in Children and Adults ROBERT B. CIALDINI, DOUGLAS T. KENRICK, and DONALD J. BAUMANN 339 340 352 355 356 Negative Mood State and Helping Positive Mood State and Helping Conclusion References V PERSONALITY AND PROSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT 14 Personality Development and Liberal Sociopolitical Attitudes PAUL MUSSEN 363 364 370 375 Antecedents of Liberalism and Conservatism in Adults Personality and Socialization in Relation to Adolescents' Political Orientations References X Contents 15 Development of Prosocial Motivation: A Dialectic Process JANUSZ REYKOWSKI 377 378 381 386 392 393 Prosocial Behavior and Its Antecedents Motivational Mechanisms of Prosocial Acts Dialectics of Development Conclusion References Subject Index 395

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