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Challenging corruption in Asia: case studies and a framework for action

Author: Bhargava, Vinay ; Bolongaita, EmilCorporate author:International Bank for Reconstruction and Development ; World Bank Series: Directions in development Publisher: World Bank Publications 2004.Language: EnglishDescription: 270 p. : Graphs ; 23 cm.ISBN: 0821356836Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print JF1081.4 .B43 2004
(Browse shelf)
001184278
Available 001184278
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Includes bibliographical references and index

Digitized

Challenging Corruption in Asia Case Studies and a Framework for Action Contents Foreword ........................................................................................................................xi Preface and Acknowledgments...............................................................................xv 1. Introduction: Challenging Corruption in Asia......................................1 Corruption Increasingly Damages Economic Development............... 3 Globalization of the Fight against Corruption ....................................... 4 Recent Initiatives in Combating Corruption in Asia.............................5 Challenge of Combating Corruption in Asia............................................7 Outline of the Book........................................................................................... 11 Notes ......................................................................................................................12 References.............................................................................................................14 2. An Analytical Framework for Improving the Effectiveness of Anticorruption Policies and Programs.......................................................... 17 Analyzing a Country's Governance and Operating Environment .............................................................................21 Reviewing the Global Menu of Anticorruption Instruments......................................................................26 Crafting Anticorruption Measures Based on a Country's Governance Environment .................................................... 27 Building Broad Anticorruption Coalitions .............................................. 39 Establishing Accountable Anticorruption Leadership and Management ......................................................................................... 43 Monitoring and Evaluating Policy and Program Feedback ...............46 Summary.............................................................................................................. 51 Appendix 2.1: Selected Sources of Governance Indicators................ 54 Appendix 2.2: A Selective Global Review of Anticorruption Instruments.................................................................................................... 56 Notes ......................................................................................................................73 References.............................................................................................................74 vi CONTENTS 3. Anticorruption Initiatives in the Philippines: Breakthroughs, Limits, and Challenges....................................................... 77 Country Governance .......................................................................................78 Contours of Corruption .................................................................................87 Anticorruption Policies and Programs ................................................... 95 Improving Organizational Coherence and Filling in the Gaps .................................................................................................. 109 Designing a Coherent Anticorruption Strategy: Focus on Prevention.................................................................................. 113 Appendix 3.1: Evaluation of Anticorruption Policies and Programs in the Philippines................................................................... 122 Appendix 3.2: Philippine Government Anticorruption Bodies, as of 2001......................................................................................................126 Appendix 3.3: Presidential Antigraft and Investigation Agencies Established since 1950......................................................... 127 Notes ................................................................................................................... 128 References.......................................................................................................... 130 4. State Capture under Good Governance: The Challenge of the Republic of Korea's Experience ....................................................................135 The Burden of History................................................................................... 136 2001: A Year of Corruption Scandals .....................................................140 Corruption Conditions in Korea................................................................ 142 Explaining Corruption in Korea ..............................................................145 Anticorruption Policies and Programs ..................................................148 Coalition-Building against Corruption ................................................. 151 Recent Anticorruption Initiatives from Civil Society .......................155 Leadership and Management of Anticorruption Efforts ................ 156 Corruption Monitoring and Reporting Mechanisms ........................157 Conclusion....................................................................................................... 159 Appendix: Anticorruption Instruments: Analysis of Likely Effectiveness.................................................................................................162 Notes ................................................................................................................. 166 References........................................................................................................ 167 5. Controlling Corruption in Thailand: Transforming the Problems and Paradoxes...................................................................................171 Country Governance ................................................................................... 171 Contemporary Patterns of Corruption .................................................. 172 The Changing Constitutional Environment......................................... 180 New Actors, New Rules in the Battle against Corruption .............. 184 The Challenge for Civil Society: Building a Coalition against Corruption..................................................................................................... 187 CONTENTS vii Assessing the Impact of Anticorruption Institutions ........................ 192 Evaluating Institutional Performance..................................................... 194 Strengthening the Freedom of the Press............................................... 195 Conclusion........................................................................................................198 Appendix: Overview Assessment of the Effectiveness of Anticorruption Policies and Programs in Thailand......................... 199 Notes ..................................................................................................................204 References ....................................................................................................... 204 6. The State of Corruption: Indonesia .............................................................209 The Present Impasse..................................................................................... 209 Governance ..................................................................................................... 213 Corruption Conditions .................................................................................217 Anticorruption Policies and Institutions ............................................... 219 Anticorruption Coalitions ........................................................................... 223 Leadership and Management ....................................................................225 Monitoring and Reporting Mechanisms ................................................ 227 Conclusion........................................................................................................228 Notes ..................................................................................................................228 References........................................................................................................ 233 Web Resources ............................................................................................... 234 7. Conclusion: Lessons and Issues from Challenging Corruption in Asia ............................................................. 237 Challenging Corruption: Addressing a Priority Public Policy Agenda in Asia ............................................................................................ 237 The Need for Improvement in Anticorruption Policies and Programs in Asia ............................................................................... 239 An Analytical Framework for Improving Anticorruption Effectiveness .................................................................. 241 Country Governance Environments: Shaping Successes and Failures of Anticorruption Efforts ........................................................ 243 Anticorruption Coalitions: Serious Challenges to Corruption in Asia ..................................................................................... 250 Varied Anticorruption Leadership and Management Structures Produce Varied Outcomes ...................................................................... 253 Anticorruption Monitoring and Reporting Systems: Good Ones Emerging in Asia ................................................................. 255 How Asia Can Improve the Effectiveness of National Anticorruption Programs ....................................................... 256 Note...................................................................................................................... 259 References.......................................................................................................... 260 viii CONTENTS Index.............................................................................................................................. 261 Figures 2.1. Stylized Typology of Corruption Conditions............................................... 26 3.1. Fair Governance Marks for the Philippines................................................ 80 3.2. Fair Marks for the Philippines in New World Bank Indicators............ 81 3.3. More Corruption Comes with More Regulation......................................... 82 3.4. Are Asian Judicial Systems Endogenous?..................................................83 3.5. An Autonomous Executive and Veto Points Complement Each Other....................................................................................................... 84 3.6. Autocracy and Political Freedom Are Polar Opposites............................ 85 3.7. Corruption Perceptions Index, Philippine Scores, Selected Years, 1980-2002.........................................................................93 3.8. Net Satisfaction with the National Administration in Eradicating Graft and Corruption, by Income Class......................... 94 3.9. Perceived Extent of Public Sector Corruption .......................................... 94 4.1. Trend of Freedom in Korea, Selected Years, 1973-97.......................... 139 4.2. Trend in Corruption Convictions in Korea, 1997-2000...................... 144 4.3. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index, Korea Scores, Selected Years, 1980-2002.......................................... 144 4.4. Summary Ratings of Economic Freedom, Korea Scores, Selected Years, 1970-99........................................................................... 147 5.1. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index, Thailand Scores, Selected Years, 1980-98......................................... 178 5.2. Freedom House Annual Survey of Press Freedom, Thailand Scores, 1994-2002................................................................... 180 6.1. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index, Indonesia Scores, Selected Years, 1980-2001...................................217 Tables 1.1. Corruption Perceptions Index Scores, Selected Economies in Asia, 2000-03 ...................................................... 8 1.2. Governance Indicators, Selected Years, 1996-2002 ................................. 9 2.1. Quality of Governance Ranking of Countries ........................................... 25 2.2. Recommended Measures in the ADB-OECD Anti-Corruption Action Plan for Asia and the Pacific .......................28 2.3. Assessment of Selected Anticorruption Instruments ............................. 34 2.4. Crafting Anticorruption Strategies According to Governance Quality and Corruption Patterns ....................................37 2.5. Examples of Anticorruption Institutions in the Asia-Pacific Region........................................................................................ 44 2.6. Examples of Anticorruption Survey Instruments.....................................48 4.1. Transparency International Bribe Payers Index, 2002 ....................... 145 CONTENTS ix 4.2. Estimates of Governance (Control of Corruption), FY 2000/01 .................................................................................................. 146 4.3. The Second Phase of Anticorruption Measures in the Republic of Korea ....................................................................................... 150 7.1. Control of Corruption in Selected Asian Countries, Selected Years, 1996-2002 ..................................................................... 238 7.2. Corruption Perceptions in Selected Asian Countries, Selected Years, 1996-2003 ..................................................................... 240 7.3. Country Governance Environment, Selected Countries ................... 244 7.4. Governance Indicators, Selected Years, 1996-2002 ........................... 245 Boxes 4.1. The Korean Independent Commission Against Corruption ............. 153 4.2. The Role of the Korean Institute of Certified Public Accountants ................................................................................................. 158 5.1. A Social Movement against Corruption in the Public Health Ministry............................................................................... 188 5.2. The Cases of Freedom of the Press........................................................... 196

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