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The Government and politics of France

Author: Knapp, Andrew ; Wright, VincentPublisher: Routledge 2006.Edition: 5th ed.Language: EnglishDescription: 535 p. ; 25 cm.ISBN: 0415357322Type of document: BookBibliography/Index: Includes bibliographical references and index
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Asia Campus
Main Collection
Print JA66.63 .F7 K63 2006
(Browse shelf)
900171793
Available 900171793
Book Europe Campus
Main Collection
Print JA66.63 .F7 K63 2006
(Browse shelf)
001157233
Available 001157233
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Includes bibliographical references and index

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The Government and Politics of France Contents List of figures and maps List of tables Prefàce to the fifth edition Preface to the fourth edition 1 French political traditions in a changing context A legacy of conflict 1 The régime 2 The Church 4 The politics of class 6 Le parti du mouvement et le parti de l'ordre 8 Nationalisms 10 State traditions 14 The common core 14 Liberty, equality, fraternity 16 Dirigisme 18 The state: image and reality 22 The changing context of French political traditions 24 Post-war boom: the trente glorieuses 24 Globalisation 27 Europe 29 Political conflict and the state: transformations 31 Zones of consensus 31 The dismantling of dirigisme 33 The state tradition: challenges from within 35 Redefining political conflict 37 The survival of traditions 40 The state tradition 40 Patterns of political conflict 44 Concluding remarks 46 Further reading 47 xv xvi xvii xviii 1 viii Contents 2 From Fourth to Fifth Republic Ultimately, a failure: the Fourth Republic (1946-58) 49 The Gaullist agenda 51 Between Washington and Westminster 53 Readings of the Fifth Republic 59 The republican monarchy 59 A ' parliamentary régime' 61 The Constitutional Council and the État de droit 63 The constitution in flux 64 Further reading 66 3 Presidents and prime ministers: the personal factor Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970) 67 Georges Pompidou (1908-74) 68 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1926­) 70 François Mitterrand (1916-96) 73 Jacques Chirac (1932­) 76 Prime ministers 80 Concluding remarks 83 Further reading 84 4 The sources of executive power Constitutional resources 85 Prime minister and government 85 The president 87 Administrative resources 91 The Matignon machine 91 The Élysée 93 President and prime minister: political resources 95 Concluding remarks 108 Further reading 108 5 Executive policy-making: the variable diarchy Presidential government 109 Presidential control of the government 110 Processes of presidential policy-making 111 Domains of presidential policy-making 112 Presidential policy-making: limitations and models 118 109 85 67 49 Contents ix Cohabitation: prime ministerial government? 121 Cohabitation and party politics 121 Cohabitation: oiling the wheels 122 Cohabitation: patronage and policy-making 123 Models of cohabitation 127 Ministers and government 129 The role of ministers under the Fifth Republic 129 The variable nature of ministerial power 131 Institutionalised tensions and the elusive goal of co-ordination 134 Further reading 140 6 The French parliament: decline ­ and resurgence? The constitutional assault upon parliament: the provisions 142 The separation of powers 143 Restrictions on parliamentary sessions 143 The limitation on parliament's law-making powers 144 The passage of government business 145 A less accountable executive 147 The Constitutional Council as anti-parliamentary watchdog 149 The decline of parliament: factors unconstitutional and extra-constitutional 149 An overbearing executive 149 Le fait majoritaire 152 Parliament's lack of resources 153 Absenteeism and impotence 154 A resurgent parliament? 155 The survival of the Senate 155 Parliament's institutional reinforcement since 1974 157 The loosening of parliamentary discipline 161 Obstructions, amendments and private members' bills 162 Concluding remarks 164 Further reading 166 7 The Left and the Greens: the dilemma of government The divided Left 171 The Parti Communiste Français (PCF) 177 The Fifth Republic and the decline of the PCF 177 The PCF's mutation: too little, too late? 183 168 141 x Contents The Parti Socialiste (PS) 186 Alliances 188 Factions 191 Leadership 193 Members and elites 195 Ideology and policies 196 Money 199 Electoral support 199 The far Left 202 Citoyens et Radicaux 205 The ecology groupings 207 Concluding remarks 210 Further reading 214 8 The Right: domination and division The Gaullists 217 216 The search for identity: 1958-62 218 Growth, consolidation and hegemony: 1962-73 218 The loss of power: 1973-76 221 Organisational renovation, electoral and strategic impasse: 1976-81 222 Chirac's two defeats: 1981-88 223 Disarray and victory: 1988-95 223 Victory and disarray: 1995-2000 224 The non-Gaullist moderate Right (NGMR) 227 Conflict, co-operation and the UMP 232 Other right-wing groups 236 The extreme Right: permanence and isolation of the Front National 239 The far Right's lasting breakthrough 240 The FN in the French political system 244 Concluding remarks 247 Further reading 250 9 Transformations of the party system: continuity and change Party configurations, 1956-2005 253 The 252 transitional phase, 1958-62 254 Gaullist `dominance', 1962-74 255 The `bipolar quadrille', 1974-81 255 Socialist `dominance', 1981-86 256 The challenge to `parties of government', 1986-97 256 Full circle? 1997 present 257 Contents xi Bipolar multipartism 259 Bipolarity: characteristics 259 Multipartism: characteristics 261 Institutional dynamics 262 Social developments, new issues and voting behaviour 267 Personal and party strategies 274 Concluding remarks 276 Further reading 279 10 The administration: foundations, myth and changing reality The foundations and myth of administrative power 282 The French state at high tide: the Fifth Republic to 1986 284 The bases of administrative power 285 An omnipotent administration? 289 The administration transformed? 295 New pressures 296 A shrinking state 298 The administration and the limits to change 301 Concluding remarks 308 Further reading 310 11 The state and the pressure groups The domination-crisis model 315 The domination-crisis model: evidence in favour 316 The domination-crisis model: objections 320 The endemic and open conflict model 322 The endemic and open conflict model: evidence in favour 322 The endemic and open conflict model: objections 328 The corporatist and concerted politics models 330 Corporatism: evidence in favour 331 Corporatism: objections 333 The pluralist model 334 Pluralism: evidence in favour 335 Pluralism: objections 337 An untidy reality 337 Mixed models 338 Determinants of group influence 339 Concluding remarks 345 Further reading 347 312 281 xii Contents 12 Paris and the provinces: the post-Jacobin state The institutions and the actors 351 Representative assemblies and their executives 353 The prefectoral authorities 354 The local field services 356 Other local bodies 357 Jacobinism and its limits: France before decentralisation 357 The bases of central power 358 Local influences in the one and indivisible Republic 359 Decentralisation: the measures 366 The Defferre reforms 366 Defferre to Jospin 368 Decentralisation under Raffarin 371 Europe and the regions 372 Local authorities and private business 374 Assessing decentralisation: plus ça change? 377 Subsidiarity 377 Rationalisation 379 Democratisation 380 Assessing decentralisation: the local system transformed 381 Local finance 382 Local authority staff 382 Local economic development 383 Local policy-making 383 New local actors 383 Networks and local authority entrepreneurship 384 Concluding remarks: a continuing process 385 Further reading 387 13 French justice and the elusive État de droit French judicial traditions: law in the service of the state 390 Main actors in the contemporary judicial system 393 The European Court of Justice (ECJ) 394 The European Court of Human Rights 395 The Constitutional Council 395 The Cour de Justice de la République (Court of Justice of the Republic) 396 The ordinary courts 396 The Conseil d'État (Council of State) 397 The Cour des Comptes (Court of Accounts) 398 389 349 Contents xiii The judicialisation of public policy 400 The spread of litigation 400 The reinforcement of judicial review 400 The extension of judicial intervention 402 The criminalisation of new areas 403 The internalisation of judicial constraints 403 Judges as policy-makers 403 The decline of special courts 404 The spread of quasi-judicial procedures 404 Judges as policy advisers 404 The reinforcement of judicial independence 405 Judicial activism and corruption cases 405 Explaining judicialisation 408 The État de droit: obstacles and resistance 412 Concluding remarks 418 Further reading 420 14 France and European integration European integration: process and interpretation 423 The narrative of integration 423 Interpreting integration (1): realism, intergovernmentalism 430 Interpreting integration (2): neo-functionalism, institutionalism 432 France and the integration process 434 France and Europe: benefits and costs 435 Presidential perspectives 438 The Franco-German partnership: reconciliation, collusion and decline? 441 Europe, the French state and French public policy-making 446 Speaking with one voice? France and European policy-making 447 Implementation: the slow man of Europe? 451 France and European policies 453 The Common Agricultural Policy 453 France, Europe and the neo-liberal paradigm change 459 The Common Foreign and Security Policy 467 Voters, parties and Europe 472 Concluding remarks 481 Further reading 484 15 Conclusion Slow growth, unemployment, public spending 489 The politics of constraint 491 487 422 xiv Contents A weak régime? 493 Further reading 500 Appendices 1 Chronological table: main events from the Revolution to the collapse of the Fourth Republic 2 Chronological table: main events from the foundation of the Fifth Republic until 2005 3 Voting behaviour, presidential election, first ballot, 2002 4 Voting behaviour, legislative elections, second ballot, 2002 5 Voting behaviour in two referendums on Europe, 1992 and 2005 6 Abbreviations for French parties 7 Other abbreviations Index 501 503 514 516 517 518 520 522

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