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Locus of control and entrepreneurship: a three-country comparative study

Author: Kets de Vries, Manfred F. R. ; Zevadi, Daphna ; Noël, Alain ; Tombak, MihkelINSEAD Area: Organisational Behaviour ; Technology and Operations Management ; Technology and Operations Management ; Technology and Operations Management Series: Working Paper ; 89/59/OB Publisher: Fontainebleau : INSEAD, 1989.Language: EnglishDescription: 21 p.Type of document: INSEAD Working Paper Online Access: Click here Abstract: Using the locus of control construct, entrepreneurs were compared with managers and MBAs in three European countries. The data points out that Latins are significantly more internal than people form more Northern cultures, i.e., French entrepreneurs and managers have lower scores on the locus of control scale than those from the United Kingdom and Germany. No significant differences were found between the Germans and the British in each of the three occupational roles. The French MBAs had significantly lower scores than the British MBAs. In line with research findings from other studies, entrepreneurs in general were found to be more internal than the other two role occupants. Surprisingly, however, this was not the case for the French. It was hypothesized that the reason for such an anomaly could be a "Grandes Ecoles" effects, meaning that graduation from one of the elite schools in France, with the attendant privileges, creates a specific sense of control over one's environment..
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Using the locus of control construct, entrepreneurs were compared with managers and MBAs in three European countries. The data points out that Latins are significantly more internal than people form more Northern cultures, i.e., French entrepreneurs and managers have lower scores on the locus of control scale than those from the United Kingdom and Germany. No significant differences were found between the Germans and the British in each of the three occupational roles. The French MBAs had significantly lower scores than the British MBAs. In line with research findings from other studies, entrepreneurs in general were found to be more internal than the other two role occupants. Surprisingly, however, this was not the case for the French. It was hypothesized that the reason for such an anomaly could be a "Grandes Ecoles" effects, meaning that graduation from one of the elite schools in France, with the attendant privileges, creates a specific sense of control over one's environment..

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