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Public sector organizations

Author: Thoenig, Jean-Claude INSEAD Area: StrategyIn: International encyclopedia of business and management (volume 5); Thomson Business, 1996 Language: EnglishDescription: p. 4201-4211.Type of document: INSEAD ChapterNote: Please ask the Library for this chapter.Abstract: Public sector organizations are enterprises committed to the provision of public goods and services. Legal statuses and territorial areas have been set up by governments for this purpose. Publicness is characterized by public policy implementation, a mandate allocated by a principal and close vicinity to the political arena. As organizations, they show similarities and differences whith business enterprises and voluntary associations in terms of bureaucratization, social stratification and cultural factors. Four models of functioning can be identified: inward-oriented bureaucracies, environment sensitive organizations, outward-driven enterprises, informal interorganizational systems. National cultures or styles can also be identified. Public management is closely linked to societal and governmental issues, such as defining a better fit between policy making and administrative behavior or between efficiency and effectiveness, and a participative leadership style in politically sensitive contexts
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Public sector organizations are enterprises committed to the provision of public goods and services. Legal statuses and territorial areas have been set up by governments for this purpose. Publicness is characterized by public policy implementation, a mandate allocated by a principal and close vicinity to the political arena. As organizations, they show similarities and differences whith business enterprises and voluntary associations in terms of bureaucratization, social stratification and cultural factors. Four models of functioning can be identified: inward-oriented bureaucracies, environment sensitive organizations, outward-driven enterprises, informal interorganizational systems. National cultures or styles can also be identified. Public management is closely linked to societal and governmental issues, such as defining a better fit between policy making and administrative behavior or between efficiency and effectiveness, and a participative leadership style in politically sensitive contexts

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