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Creating industrial ecosystems: a viable management strategy? (International Journal of Technology Management - 1996)

Author: Ayres, Robert U. INSEAD Area: Economics and Political ScienceIn: International Journal of Technology Management, vol. 12, no. 5-6, 1996 Language: EnglishDescription: p. 608-624.Type of document: INSEAD ArticleNote: Please ask the Library for this articleAbstract: Industrial ecosystems are designed "from scratch" to imitate nature by utilizing the waste products of each component company as raw materials, or "food". Process changes to take advantage of "returns-to-closure" (of the materials cycle) are not another version of "end-of-pipe" treatment of wastes. This paper examines a number of such proposals and considers the perequisites for success. I: At least one first tier "exporter" must be present to achieve the necessary scale. II: One other major firm must be present locally to utilize the major waste of the exporter, after conversion to a useful form. III: One specialized "satellite" firm will be required to convert the wastes of the first tier "exporter" to a useful raw materials for the consumer, and to convert the latter's wastes into marketable commodities, secondary imputs to other local firms, or final wastes for disposal. IV: A reliable mechanism has to be established to ensure close and long-term technical cooperation among the participating firms
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Industrial ecosystems are designed "from scratch" to imitate nature by utilizing the waste products of each component company as raw materials, or "food". Process changes to take advantage of "returns-to-closure" (of the materials cycle) are not another version of "end-of-pipe" treatment of wastes. This paper examines a number of such proposals and considers the perequisites for success. I: At least one first tier "exporter" must be present to achieve the necessary scale. II: One other major firm must be present locally to utilize the major waste of the exporter, after conversion to a useful form. III: One specialized "satellite" firm will be required to convert the wastes of the first tier "exporter" to a useful raw materials for the consumer, and to convert the latter's wastes into marketable commodities, secondary imputs to other local firms, or final wastes for disposal. IV: A reliable mechanism has to be established to ensure close and long-term technical cooperation among the participating firms

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